Presentation on theme: "Election of 1948 The United States and the Cold War."— Presentation transcript:
Election of 1948 The United States and the Cold War
REVIEW. Why was it called the “Cold” War? What did the USSR fail to do that it promised it would following WWII? What is the difference between the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall? Who coined the term “iron curtain”? What is a satellite nation? Example? Why did the Soviet Union want a “buffer zone”? Describe containment & the domino theory. What did the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan do? What is the difference? Describe the conflict that unfolded at the start of the Cold War in Berlin. What does NATO stand for and how did it impact America?
Vice Presidential Election of 1944 Why was the Vice Presidential Election newsworthy in 1944? President Roosevelt was dying…Henry WallaceHarry S Truman
The Election of 1948 What happened between 1944 and 1948? 1945: Atomic bomb dropped WWII ended and the Cold War began 1947: Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan (containment enforced) House on Un-American Activities (HUAC) begins Taft Hartley Act passes limiting the power of unions President Truman’s approval rating in January of 1948? Approve: 50% Disapprove: 36% No Opinion: 14% President Truman’s approval rating in June of 1948? Approve: 39% Disapprove: 46% No Opinion: 15%
The Election of 1948 Who were the candidates? What platform did each run on? Truman: Pro Civil Rights and keeping the New Deal Dewey: Anti-New Deal and power of labor Wallace: Anti-Truman foreign policy, favored the New Deal Thurmond: Racist… pro Jim Crown and anti-Civil Rights President Truman Incumbent President Democrat Thomas Dewey Gov. of New York Republican Henry Wallace Sec. of Commerce Progressive Strom Thurmond Gov. of South Carolina Dixiecrat
QUESTION. Dixiecrats ran on a platform that opposed Civil Rights legislation and supported increased rights for southern states. Southern Democrats were angered by Truman’s nomination on behalf of the Democratic party. Thirteen southern states met in Birmingham, Alabama to elect their own Democratic Presidential nominee. What is a “Dixiecrat”?
The Election of 1948 Outcome? New York Governor Thomas Dewey defeats Truman easily.
The Election of 1948 President Truman elected President of the United States