2 Introduction After WWII the country enjoyed economic prosperity. Television became a favorite form of entertainment.America’s prosperity did not extend to Hispanics, African Americans, Native Americans, or people in Appalachia.
3 Return to a Peacetime Economy A Return to the Great Depression?Americans spending money on luxury items that were not available previously because of the war prevented itThe GI Bill: provided generous loans to veterans to establish businesses, buy homes, and attend college
4 Return to a Peacetime Economy Inflation and StrikesA greater demand for goods led to higher pricesThe cost of living increasedDuring the war strikes were not allowedAfter the war, workers demanded higher pay and went on strike to get itThe automobile, steel, and mining industries had workers go on strikeTruman, fearing an energy crisis, forced miners back to work, and pressured the mine owners to give in to most of the worker’s demands
5 Return to a Peacetime Economy Republican VictoryLabor unrest and high prices prompted many Americans to call for a changeRepublicans won both houses of congress in 1946Taft-Hartley Act:outlawed closed shops—the practice of forcing business owners to hire only union membersRight-to-work laws: outlawed union shops—shops in which new workers were required to join the unionFeatherbedding—prohibited the practice of limiting work output in order to create more jobs
6 Truman’s Domestic Program Truman’s Legislative AgendaExpand Social Security BenefitsRaise minimum wage from 40¢ to 65¢ an hourIncrease employment through federal spendingPublic housing and slum clearanceLong range environmental and public worksA system of national health insuranceProtect African American’s right to voteA Republican congress blocked most of these measures
7 Truman’s Domestic Program The Election of 1948Truman was given very little chance of winningReacting angrily to Truman’s support of civil rights, a group of Southern Democrats formed the States’ Rights or Dixiecrat party and nominated Strom ThurmondAlso, the Democrat’s more liberal party members were frustrated with Truman’s inability to pass domestic policies through congress and his anti-Soviet foreign policyThe Republican candidate, Thomas Dewey, was very popularTruman won by a slim marginThe Chicago Daily Tribune incorrectly predicted Dewey the winner and had printed newspapers declaring Dewey the winner
8 Truman’s Domestic Program The Fair DealTruman’s State of the Union Message: “Every segment of our population and every individual has a right to expect from…government a fair deal.”
9 The Eisenhower Years The Election of 1952 Mostly the Korean War gave Truman a low approval rating in 1952 and Truman chose not to run for PresidentAdlai Stevenson ran as the Democratic nomineeDwight D. Eisenhower, with his vice president Richard Nixon, won the election easily as the Republican candidates for PresidentRichard Nixon had a dog named “Checkers” that was given to his family from a business as a gift. Nixon was accused of receiving other gifts as a Senator in California in the form of $18,000 as well but Nixon denied it.TCVMH: Nixon Controversy (22:36-25:41)
10 The Eisenhower Years Ike as President “Middle of the Road” described Eisenhower’s political beliefsEisenhower did not believe that government should aid businesses which he called, “creeping socialism”
11 The Eisenhower Years Extending the New Deal Although a Republican, Eisenhower…extended the Social Security System to an additional 10 million peopleextended unemployment compensation to an additional 4 million citizensand agreed to increase minimum wage from 75¢ an hour to $1Eisenhower won a second term as President quite easily as Americans successfully transitioned from war to peace and enjoyed a decade of prosperity
12 As president, Eisenhower had a conservative side and activist side As president, Eisenhower had a conservative side and activist side. Describe some of his programs and actions that reflected these two sides.
13 As president, Eisenhower had a conservative side and activist side As president, Eisenhower had a conservative side and activist side. Describe some of his programs and actions that reflected these two sides.Eisenhower showed his conservative side by appointing several business leaders to his cabinet. He ended government price and rent controls and tried to curb the federal budget by voting against a school construction bill and slashing government aid to public housing. To accompany these cuts, he supported some modest tax reductions. In other conservative actions, he abolished the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and slashed funding for the Tennessee Valley Authority. He displayed his activism by advocating passage of the Federal Highway Act and authorizing construction of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway. Although President Eisenhower cut federal spending and worked to limit the federal government’s role in the nation’s economy, he agreed to extend the Social Security system to an additional 10 million people. He also extended unemployment compensation, increased the minimum wage, and continued to provide some government aid to farmers.