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World History Chapter 14A

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1 World History Chapter 14A
Church Reform and the Crusades

2 Age of Faith The Church revival of this period began the “Age of Faith” (about 1000A.D.) Three problems of the Church: Priests were marrying Simony-selling Church positions Lay Investiture

3 Early Church Reforms Church reform begins at Cluny (910)
The Pope, is advised in this reform by the Curia (Counsel) The Curia are advisors and acted as a court The Pope extends his power throughout Europe by sending out diplomats The Church provides social services such as caring for the poor and sick The Church operated hospitals. This activity gains the trust and loyalty of the masses

4 Cluny

5 Friars Dominicans-Founded by Dominic (Spanish priest), they emphasize the importance of study Franciscans-Founded by St. Francis of Assisi (Italian). He treated all creatures as if they were his spiritual brothers and sisters

6 Friars

7 Religious Orders for Women
Women joined the Dominicans and Poor Clare's (Franciscan order for women) Women are not allowed to travel from place to place preaching

8 Cathedrals Romanesque Style-Round arches and a heavy roof held up thick walls and pillars. They had tiny windows that let in little light Gothic Style-Named after a Germanic tribe. Gothic cathedrals thrust upward as if reaching toward heaven. Light streamed in through huge stained-glass windows

9 Romanesque Style

10 Gothic Style

11 The Crusades Pope Urban II called for a crusade or “Holy War”
Their goal was to recover Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks

12 Pope Urban II

13 Causes Opportunity to get rid of quarrel-some knights who fought each other Merchants profited by making cash loans to finance the Crusades Merchants hoped to win control of key trade routes Those who died were granted forgiveness of their sins and assured a place in heaven

14 The Four Crusades First Crusade-Jerusalem is captured
Second Crusade-Jerusalem is lost Third Crusades-Jerusalem stays in Muslim control but Pilgrims are allowed to freely visit the city’s Holy Places Fourth Crusade-Jerusalem stays in Muslim hands and Christians loot Constantinople

15 Men to Know Louis IX-King of France that will lead the first crusade. He will be made a saint after his death by the Catholic Church Frederick I (Barbarossa)-German King that will drown on the way to the Crusades Richard the Lion-Hearted-English King that will fight the Muslim leader Saladin to a standstill and make a treaty to open Jerusalem to pilgrims (Third Crusade) Saladin-Muslim leader of the 1100s

16 Louis IX

17 Frederick I (Barbarossa)

18 Richard the Lion-Hearted

19 Saladin

20 Continued Later Crusades will be fought in North Africa and Spain
Reconquista-Granada is taken in 1492 and the Inquisition begins. Jews and Muslims are driven out of Spain

21 Effects of the Crusades
Byzantine Empire is weakened Pope’s power declines Power of feudal nobles weakens Kings become stronger Religious intolerance grows Italian cities expand trade and grow rich Muslims increasingly distrust Christians Trade grows between Europe and the Middle East European technology improves as Crusaders learn from Muslims

22 TA14B Read Pages Copy & Define Terms on Page 392 Copy & Answer Questions 11, 12, & 13 on Page 404

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