Presentation on theme: "The Crusades: A Quest for the Holy Land"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Crusades: A Quest for the Holy Land World History I
2 What are the Crusades?A long series of Wars between Christians and MuslimsThey fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the “Holy Land” because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached, and died.
3 Causes of the CrusadesMuslim Turks captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine EmpireMuslims stopped Christians from Visiting Holy LandChristian pilgrims were attackedByzantine Empire feared attack on Constantinople
4 The Call to ArmsAlexius of the Byzantine Empire asked his Christian brothersPope Urban II gathered as many Christians as he could and called for there helpSpeech known as “Council of Clermont”He wanted them to fight against the Turks and return the Holy Land to the ChristiansPromised those who went would gain riches and a direct passage to HeavenWho answered?Feudal LordsKnightsPeasants
5 The First Crusade (1096-1099) Peasant army Knights Untrained Lacked military equipmentMany killed by Muslim TurksKnightsSucceeded in capturing Jerusalem
7 Second Crusade ( )After victory many Christians went back homeThe Turks eventually took back much of the territoryKing of France and Emperor of Germany sent troops to stop the TurksSaladin leads the Muslim Turks to victory, defeating the ChristiansHe was considered a very wise ruler. He was known for his kind treatment of fallen enemies. Many Christians saw him as a model of knightly chivalry
9 Third Crusade (Led by Richard the Lionhearted King of EnglandHe led his men against the Turks trying again to take back the landDespite the war, eventually they came to a truce with Saladin, leader of MuslimsChristians who were unarmed could come into the city
11 Children’s Crusade20,000 – 30,000 children ventured out on the crusadeTheir goal was to take back the Holy Land themselvesMost died of disease, starvation, and many others were sold into slavery
12 Why Did the Crusades Fail? After the 1st attempt, each attempt was weaker with less emphasis on winningPeople soon became most interested in making money and getting goodsThey focused on stealing from Byzantine and Islamic Empires
13 Effects of the Crusades Broke down feudalism in most countriesLeaders left to fight in battle, lost their landImproved technology in EuropeMore modern shipsTools, weapons, goodsOpened up trade throughout the Middle East, Europe, and AsiaSpread culture, religion, ideas
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