Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Nutrition for Health Lesson 2 Nutrients for Wellness"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 10 Nutrition for Health Lesson 2 Nutrients for Wellness Click for:>> Main Menu>> Chapter 10 AssessmentTeacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.Next >>
2 Sugars and starches that occur in foods, mainly in plants carbohydratesThe part of fruit, vegetables, grains, and beans that your body cannot digestfiberNutrients your body uses to build, repair, and maintain cells and tissuesproteinsClick to reveal the definitions.saturated fatsFats that are solid at room temperature
3 Fats that remain liquid at room temperature unsaturated fatsFats that remain liquid at room temperatureSubstances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, among other jobsvitaminsElements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processesmineralsClick to reveal the definitions.
4 In this lesson, you will learn to identify the six major classes of nutrients.explain specific ways your body uses nutrients.
5 Organizing Information Make a diagram similar to the one on below. Include a box for each nutrient and foods that are sources of that nutrient.CarbohydratesProteinFood Sources
6 Nutrients and Nutrition CarbohydratesVitaminsSix Groups of NutrientsProteinsMineralsFatsWater
7 There are two kinds of carbohydrates: simple and complex. carbohydrates Sugars and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly in plants
8 Complex carbohydrates All carbohydrates are made of sugar molecules.Simple carbohydratesComplex carbohydratesMolecules remain separateMolecules form long chains. Also knows as starches.Fruits, vegetables, milk, milk productsGrains, dried beans, and starchy vegetables such as potatoesHalf to two-thirds of your daily energy should come from carbohydrates.
9 FiberFiber is a special type of complex carbohydrate found in raw fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.fiber The parts of fruit, vegetables, grains, and beans that your body cannot digestAs fiber passes through the digestive system, it pushes other food particles along.Eating high-fiber foods can help reduce your risk of certain types of cancer and heart disease.
10 Proteins are made up of chemical building blocks called amino acids. proteins Nutrients your body uses to build, repair, and maintain cells and tissuesAnyone who has had a stiff muscle get better after a few days rest has experienced proteins at work.Proteins also play an important role in fighting disease because parts of your immune system are made of proteins.
11 Proteins Proteins Complete Proteins Plant Proteins Contain all nine of the essential amino acidsLack one or more of the nine essential amino acidsBeef, pork, veal, fish, poultry, eggs, most dairy productsNuts peas, and dried beans
12 FatsEating too many foods containing saturated fats can increase your risk of heart disease.saturated fats Fats that are solid at room temperatureFats promote healthy skin and normal cell growth.Fats carry vitamins A, D, E, and K to wherever they are needed in your body.
13 Most of the fats in your diet should be unsaturated fats. unsaturated fats Fats that remain liquid at room temperature
14 Fats Fats Saturated Fats Unsaturated Fats Butter, cheese, fatty meats Plant foods such as olive oil, nuts and avocados
15 LDL (low-density lipoprotein) HDL (high-density lipoprotein) CholesterolCholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood.LDL (low-density lipoprotein)HDL (high-density lipoprotein)Collects on the walls of arteries and forms plaqueRemoves LDL from the arteriesPlaque is a thick, hard substance.If too much plaque builds up it can block the arteries and cause heart attacks and strokes.Known as “bad cholesterol”Known as “good cholesterol”Eating too much saturated fat can increase the body’s level of cholesterol.
16 Vitamins and minerals are essential to your body’s health. vitamins Substances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, among other jobsClick to add notesminerals Elements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processes
17 Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins Water-Soluble Fat-Soluble Not stored in the bodyStored in the bodyMust be consumed regularlyStored in the body’s fat until they are needed.The best way to get vitamins and minerals is to choose nutritious foods.
19 Water Water Helps digest and absorb food. Regulates body temperature and blood circulation.Carries nutrients and oxygen to cells.Removes toxins and other wastes.Cushions joints.Protects tissues and organs from shock and damage.
20 Dehydration is a lack of water in the body. You need to replace the water your body loses by drinking at least eight 8-ounce cups of fluid each day.Drink more water during vigorous activity or hot weather.Choose water or milk most of the time and limit your intake of juice or soda.
21 Lesson 2 ReviewWhat I LearnedVocabulary What is fiber? What function does it have in the body?Fiber is the part of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans that your body cannot digest. Fiber pushes foods through the digestive system and lowers the risk of certain cancers and heart disease.
22 What I Learned List Name the six major classes of nutrients. Lesson 2 ReviewWhat I LearnedList Name the six major classes of nutrients.carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water
23 What I Learned Identify Name some sources of complete proteins. Lesson 2 ReviewWhat I LearnedIdentify Name some sources of complete proteins.Sample answers: beef, pork, veal, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, soybeans
24 Lesson 2 ReviewThinking CriticallyApply Make a list of the foods you have eaten today. Identify which nutrients can be found in each food. Are there any nutrient groups that you have left out?Answers should reflect an understanding of the lesson content.
25 Lesson 2 ReviewThinking CriticallyHypothesize How can the food you choose to eat today affect your health in the future?Answers should note the effect of food choices on health and wellness, including the role of foods in the development or prevention of some diseases.
26 Chapter 10 Nutrition for Health End of Lesson 2 Nutrients for Wellness Click for:>> Main Menu>> Chapter 10 Assessment