2 CLAUSES Each CLAUSE must have a SUBJECT and VERB! There are TWO types of CLAUSES…IndependentDependent
3 INDEPENDENT CLAUSES MAIN CLAUSE Every sentence must have at least one INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.The INDEPENDENT CLAUSE can usually stand alone.An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE DOES NOT start with a relative pronoun or subordinating conjunction.
4 DEPENDENT CLAUSES SUBORDINATE CLAUSE The DEPENDENT CLAUSE can NEVER NEVER NEVER NEVER stand alone.A DEPENDENT CLAUSE starts with a relative pronoun or a subordinating conjunction.3 Types of DEPENDENT CLAUSE…Adverb Adjective Noun
5 ADVERB DEPENDENT CLAUSES Usually starts with a subordinating conjunction.Acts like a verb. (DUH!)We will eat when the bell rings.(modifies eat)“We will eat” is independent
6 ADJECTIVE DEPENDENT CLAUSES Usually starts with a relative pronoun.Acts like a adjective. (DUH!)She likes the guy who sits in front of her.(modifies guy)“She likes the guy” is independent
7 NOUN DEPENDENT CLAUSES Usually starts with a relative pronoun.Acts like a noun. (DUH!)I hope that you understand the examples.(acts as direct object (DO))“I hope” is independent
8 SENTENCE TYPES Simple sentence = one independent clause. Compound sentence = two or more independent clauses.Complex sentence = one independent clause + one or more dependent clauses.Compound-complex sentence = two or more independent clauses + one or more dependent clauses.
9 SENTENCE PURPOSEA declarative sentence makes a statement and ends in a period.An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends in a question mark(?).An imperative sentence gives a command and ends in a period.An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feelings and ends in an exclamation point!