Presentation on theme: "Sentence Variety: Sentence Types and Patterns"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sentence Variety: Sentence Types and Patterns Grammar Boot CampSentence Variety:Sentence Types and PatternsAdapted from
2 Your Mission: To Study Sentence Types To Study Sentence Patterns To Write with Varied Syntax
3 Phrases/ ClausesPhrase: Group of related words, missing a subject and/or verbClause: Group of words containing both a subject and a verbIndependent Clause: Stands AloneDependent Clause: Does NOT Stand AloneAlso known as Subordinate ClauseUsually has a subordinating conjunction
4 Common Subordinating Conjunctions BeforeAfterWhenAlthoughWhileBecauseIfThatSinceBAWITS
5 Relative pronounsA relative pronoun "relates" a dependent clause to the rest of the sentence. It functions as a “subject.”A relative pronoun is found only in sentences with more than one clause. A sentence starting w/ a relative pronoun cannot stand alone.In modern English there are five relative pronouns: that, which, who, whom, and whose.
6 Relative Pronoun Examples He who laughs last laughs best.The dog that ate my homework was really mean.He started the Daily Show, which was the first news show of its kind.
7 Phrase/ Clause Practice Identify the following as phrases, dependent clauses, or independent clauses.In the middle of the room.When the girl ate breakfast.She loves puppies.Because he ate play-dough.He threw up.PDCICDCIC
8 OverviewPatterns of independent and dependent clauses create 4 types of sentencesFour Sentence Types:Simple Sentence (1 IC)Compound Sentence (2 ICs)Complex Sentence (1 IC, 1 DC)Compound/Complex Sentence (2 ICs, 1 DC)
9 Simple Sentence Pattern: IC. Don’t get confused by phrases. A simple sentence can have many phrases.Don’t get confused by conjunctions. If they aren’t adding two full independent clauses together, you still have a simple sentence.
10 Examples Examples: 1. The brown dog is named Charlie. 2. The brown dog with the red collar always barks loudly.3. Charlie barked and growled loudly.4. The tall, good-looking boy with the curly blond hair laughed uproariously at his best friend’s suggestion.
12 Compound Sentence : a Pattern: IC , for IC. andnorbut Coordinating ConjunctionsoryetsoExample: Charlie barks at nothing, and my mom goes crazy.FANBOYS!
13 Compound Sentence: A More examples… My mom didn’t want Charlie, but my sister convinced her.My sister is in Chicago, so my mom is left to take care of him by herself.My mom claims she can’t wait to get rid of him, but she secretly loves him.
14 Compound Sentence : B Pattern: IC; IC. Example: I went to the store; I bought some milk.
15 Compound Sentence : c Pattern: IC ; therefore , IC. howevermoreover Conjunctive AdverbsfurthermoreExample: I would love to have a cat; however, I know I don’t have time to take care of it.
16 Easy Identification…Look for the FANBOYS!Where does the comma go?
22 Compound/Complex Sentence : a Pattern: IC , for IC DC.andnorbut Coordinating ConjunctionsoryetsoExample: We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong.
23 Compound/Complex Sentence : b Pattern: IC DC , for IC.andnorbut Coordinating Conjunctions oryetsoExample: Here is the money that I owe you, and I am happy to be free of debt.
24 Compound/Complex Sentence : c Pattern: DC, IC , for IC.andnorbut Coordinating Conjunctions oryetsoExample: Although I like to go camping, I haven't had the time to go lately, and I haven't found anyone to go with.
25 Easy Identification…Look for BOTH a FANBOYS and a BA WAWBITS!
26 Now It’s Your Turn:Identify the sentence type (simple, compound, complex, compound/complex) for each item below:I was scared when my cat ran away.Charlie can be very difficult, but I still love him because he is so cute.Charlie got away from his leash one day, but he didn’t even try to run away.I am happy that my mom has to take care of him.
29 Congratulations!You are now a master of the four grammatical sentence types!
30 Q: What is an Independent Clause? A: An independent clause is a group of related words containing a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. For more information on independent clauses, sign up for Building Muscle: Phrases and Clauses of Grammar Boot Camp.Return to presentation.
31 Q: What is a Dependent Clause? A: A dependent clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb; it does not, however, contain a complete thought. Thus, it cannot stand alone. For more information on dependent clauses, sign up for Building Muscle: Phrases and Clauses of Grammar Boot Camp.Return to presentation.
32 Q: What is a Coordinating Conjunction? A: A coordinating conjunction joins independent clauses as well as other sentence elements of equal weight or function. The following is a list of coordinating conjunctions, commonly referred to as the “FANBOYS”:forandnorbut FANBOYS (taken from the first letter of each word)oryetsoReturn to presentation.
33 Q: What is a Conjunctive Adverb? A: A conjunctive adverb indicates a relation between independent clauses. The following is a list of common conjunctive adverbs:accordingly consequently indeedalso finally insteadanyway furthermore likewiseas a result hence meanwhilebesides however moreovercertainly incidentally neverthelessReturn to presentation.