2(page 12R) Sentence Structure We are going to go through these notes quickly since we already learned this material at the beginning of the year.You need to write everything that is in red.Feel free to add anything else to your notes if needed.Here we go…
3Isn’t a sentences just a sentence? NOPE!Before we learn about the 3 different types of sentences, we need to know what an independent clause and dependent clause are…
4Before We Begin… Does anyone know what a subject is? A noun that is the topic of the sentenceExample: Susie ate ice cream today.Susie is a noun. Susie is the subjectDoes anyone know what a verb is?A verb is an action word.ate is the verb in the sentence
5Independent and dependent clauses 1Independent and dependent clausesAn Independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and express a complete thought. It’s a sentence all on its own.Example:A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and does not express a complete thought. It can not be a sentence on its own.Ashley: I’m going to have them help me write an example on the board so they can write it in their notes.
6Practice! Can you help me? 2Practice! Can you help me?Sentence independent or dependent (subordinate)While we were sleeping one nightA thunderstorm blew in from the northRain pelted the windows of my bedroomAlthough I’m a sound sleeperI awoke with a startWhen I hear the first clap of thunderSince I had left the window openMy books on the windowsill are wet1. dependent2. independent3. independent4. dependent5. independentAshley: I am going to give them 5 minutes or so to copy three independent and three dependent clauses onto their graphic organizer. It is the next section.6. dependent7. dependent8. independent
7Types of sentences 3 Simple Sentences Independent clause = Simple sentenceEx: I love ice cream.Complex SentencesIndependent clause + Dependent clause = Complex SentenceEx: When it’s hot out, I love ice cream.Compound SentencesIndependent clause + Independent clause = Compound SentenceEx: I love ice cream, and I adore chocolate cake.
8Sentence Types Practice 4Sentence Types PracticeSimple Sentence:You could go swimming.We could take a walk.Compound Sentence:You could go swimming , or we could take a walk.Complex Sentence:You will enjoy the new animals at the zoo if you are interested in elephants.
95Compound sentenceCompound sentences always combine two simple sentences with a comma + FANBOYSFor, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, SoTHESE ARE CALLED COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS!!!!Coordinating conjunctions connect 2 independent clauses. There are 7 coordinating conjunctions that link sentences. To remember them, we use the word FANBOYS..
10FANBOYS (NOTICE THE COMMAS BEFORE THE CONJUNCTION!) 6FANBOYS (NOTICE THE COMMAS BEFORE THE CONJUNCTION!)For shows reason.And shows addition.Nor adds a negative.But shows opposition.Or shows an alternative.Yet shows exception.So shows a result.I like to read mystery novels, for I love suspenseShe goes to the beach, and she takes her dog.I don’t like garlic, nor do I like onionsHe won’t get into the concert, but he can try.I will take my kids to a movie, or I will stay home.I want to lose weight, yet I eat chocolate daily.I will study the fanboys, so I can impress my teacher.
117Complex SentencesComplex sentences are combined with SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS (BISAWAWE).Dependent clause + independent clause + BISAWAWE = Complex Sentence.
12Subordinate conjunctions 7Subordinate conjunctionsYou can remember them as: BISAWAWEBecauseIfSinceAfterWhenAlthoughWhileEven thoughExamples:If I go to the storeAfter we ate at the restaurantWhile I was studyingAshley: Make sure to tell them that the examples are dependent/subordinate clauses and not complete sentences.
13Exit Ticket (page 12L)Write 2 of the following types and structures of sentences. Feel free to use your notes, but you need to come up with your own sentences.InterrogativeDeclarativeImperativeExclamatorySimpleCompoundComplex2 sentences for each (2 x 7 = 14)