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Sentence Structure (Review) What is a compound sentence? TWO OR MORE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES What kind of glue do you need to join two independent clauses.

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Presentation on theme: "Sentence Structure (Review) What is a compound sentence? TWO OR MORE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES What kind of glue do you need to join two independent clauses."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Sentence Structure (Review) What is a compound sentence? TWO OR MORE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES What kind of glue do you need to join two independent clauses together and make a compound sentence? SEMICOLON (;) OR COMMA (,) + COORDINATING CONJUNCTION

3 Sentence Structure (Review) What are the seven coordinating conjunctions? FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SO What is the name for a compound sentence that is using the wrong kind of glue or no glue at all? RUN-ON SENTENCE

4 Sentence Structure (Review) What is a dependent clause? A GROUP OF WORDS WITH A SUBJECT AND A VERB THAT CANNOT STAND ALONE What words to dependent clauses often start with? IF, WHILE, SINCE, ALTHOUGH, WHEN, AFTER, BEFORE, BECAUSE

5 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) dependent clause independent clause A group of words with a subject and a verb that CANNOT stand alone while you were sleeping A group of words with a subject and a verb that CAN stand alone I made you dinner

6 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) complex sentence independent clause + dependent clause or dependent clause + independent clause

7 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) Example:While you were sleeping, I made you dinner. If you begin a sentence with a dependent clause, you need a comma in between the two different clauses.

8 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) Example:I made you dinner while you were sleeping. If you begin the sentence with an independent clause, you dont need a comma.

9 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) Dependent clauses may contain…. Subordinating conjunctions: If, while, since, although, when, after, before, because

10 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) Examples: if since If you buy me lunch, I will pay you back. I will eat lunch inside since it is raining.

11 Sentence Structure (Complex Sentences) although before Although I am tired, I will stay up to watch the movie. Before you go to soccer practice, finish your homework.

12 Can you tell the difference? Complex Sentence or Compound Sentence? I will play basketball while you watch me. COMPLEX SENTENCE Why? independent clausedependent clause I will play basketball while you watch me. subordinating conjunction

13 Can you tell the difference? Complex sentence or compound sentence? He bought an ice cream, but his sister wanted a brownie. COMPOUND SENTENCE Why?independent clause He bought an ice cream, but his sister wanted a brownie. Coordinating conjunction

14 Can you tell the difference? Complex sentence or compound sentence? I made dinner yesterday, so you need to cook tonight. COMPOUND I want to go to the store; I need to buy some bread. COMPOUND

15 Can you tell the difference? Complex Sentence or Compound Sentence? Since he enjoyed that movie, I bought the DVD for his birthday. COMPLEX SENTENCE I want to buy a soda, but I need another quarter. COMPOUND SENTENCE

16 Can you tell the difference? Complex Sentence or Compound Sentence? We will have dessert after you eat your dinner. COMPLEX SENTENCE Before you go to the store, I will make a grocery list. COMPLEX SENTENCE


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