Presentation on theme: "The Sentence: Subject, Predicate, Kinds of Sentences"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Sentence: Subject, Predicate, Kinds of Sentences Chapter 1
2 The SentenceA sentence is a word or word group that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thoughtExample: The baseball team won the championship.A sentence fragment is a group of words that looks like a sentence but does not contain both a subject and a verbDoes not express a complete thoughtExample: After they won the championship.A sentence consists of two parts: subject and predicate
3 Subject Tells whom or what the sentence is about Example: The pitcher struck out the batter.Example: The fans cheered for the team.To find the subject ask who or what is doing something or whom or what is being talked aboutWho struck out the batter? The pitcherThe Pitcher is the subjectWho cheered for the team? The fansThe fans are the subjectThe subject may come at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence
4 Simple SubjectThe main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is aboutExample: The nine determined players never gave up.Simple subject is playersMay consist of one or several wordsExample: The Chicago Bears have started pre-season games.Simple subject is The Chicago Bears, since it is the name of the teamUsually proper nouns
5 Complete SubjectConsists of all the words that tell whom or what the sentence is aboutExample: The nine determined players never gave up.Complete subject: The nine determined playersComplete subject is the subject and all the words that describe the subjectTo find the simple subject, eliminate words until the sentence does not make sense anymore
6 The Predicate Tells something about the subject Example: The player ran.Predicate: ran
7 Simple PredicateThe main word or word group that tells something about the subjectUsually the verbExample: The batter swung the bat.Simple predicate: swung
8 Complete PredicateConsists of a verb and all the words that describe the verb and complete its meaningExample: The batter swung the bat.Complete predicate: swung the bat
9 The Verb Phrase Verbs that include one or more helping verbs Some simple predicates, or verbs, consist of more than one word called verb phrasesExample: The team is winning the game.Verb Phrase: is winning
10 Compound SubjectConsists of two or more subjects that are joined by a conjunctionCommon conjunctions used are: and, orExample: Konerko and Beckham hit a homerun.Compound subject: Konerko and Beckham
11 Compound VerbConsists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same subjectCommon conjunctions used are: and, or, butExample: The team played well but lost the game anyway.Compound verb: played, lost
12 Kinds of SentencesDeclarative – makes a statement and ends with a periodExample: Robin Ventura is the manager of the Sox.Imperative – gives a command or makes a request, most end with a period but can end with an exclamation pointExample: Run to first base.Example: Stop!
13 Kinds of Sentences Continued Interrogative – asks a question and ends with a question markWhen was the last time the Cubs won the World Series?Exclamatory – shows excitement or expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation pointThe White Sox win the World Series!
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