Presentation on theme: "European Colonization of Africa Notes and textbook questions."— Presentation transcript:
European Colonization of Africa Notes and textbook questions
Imperialism / Colonialism When a stronger country extends its rule over another territory Empire- a country (referred to as “mother country”) and all its possessions Colony- a territory under control of another nation Synonyms for colony – protectorate, territory, commonwealth, dominionSynonyms for colony – protectorate, territory, commonwealth, dominion
Forms of imperialism Economic – extending influence over another territory for the economic benefit of the imperialist power (ex. spheres of influence in China)Economic – extending influence over another territory for the economic benefit of the imperialist power (ex. spheres of influence in China) Occupation – direct control through governing; taking over a land by force and making it a colony (ex. the Europeans ruling African colonies)Occupation – direct control through governing; taking over a land by force and making it a colony (ex. the Europeans ruling African colonies)
Effects of imperialism Brainstorm a list of effects imperialism could have on the people who are taken over.Brainstorm a list of effects imperialism could have on the people who are taken over.
When did colonization of Africa occur? Later than in other parts of the world. This was due to the natural barriers that limited outside contact with parts of Africa.
Reasons for colonization- Spread Christianity to Africa (missionaries) Modernize and “civilize” the people Gain land and power Abundance of resources
Map answers – not taken over Liberia- U.S. persuaded Europeans not to take it over. It was founded in the 1800s for freed former slaves who did not wish to live in America any longer. Ethiopia*- large population of Christians there, so was not taken over * Italy did occupy it for a time leading up to WWII
Map answers – main colonial powers British – primarily in eastern and southern Africa French – primarily in western and central Africa
Map answers – other colonial powers Germany - had its colonies taken away after WWI in the Treaty of Versailles – most went to Britain Portugal Belgium Italy Spain
Impact of Berlin Conference 1.1884-1885 2.Africa was carefully divided up by European colonial powers. 3. Sometimes ethnic groups were split up when Europeans drew their boundary lines. Sometimes different ethnic groups were made a part of the same colony. (fill out score slips)
Overcoming natural barriers Quinine - medicine to prevent malaria, helped make colonization possible since tropical disease was a huge natural barrier. The Scramble – started before the Berlin Conference, when the various European countries were racing for land in Africa. Missionary – person who spreads the Christian religion.
Racist attitudes of the time- Social Darwinism- Survival of the fittest concept applied to people. Led to the belief that the Europeans were a superior race. The White Man’s Burden-the name of a poem from the time, came to represent the idea that it was the job of whites, since they were superior, to conquer other lands so the people there can be civilized.