Presentation on theme: "New Imperialism Ask what would be the benefits for a country to control another country? Would there be any drawbacks or what would be difficult about."— Presentation transcript:
1New ImperialismAsk what would be the benefits for a country to control another country? Would there be any drawbacks or what would be difficult about this?
2ColonialismA policy of politically dominating a dependent territory or people.Developed for settlement or commercial intentions.
3Imperialism First established in ancient Rome. The national policy of taking control of another country or territory to gain land, power or wealth.Imperialists can take over by military force, by controlling trade or by reorganizing the government of another country.Developed for financial reasons.
4Forms of Imperial Rule Direct Rule: Indirect Rule: Practice of sending officials and soldiers to administer their colonies.FranceIndirect Rule:To govern their colonies they used local rulers.Britain
5Forms of Imperial Rule Protectorate: Sphere of Influence: Local rulers were left in place but were expected to follow the advice of European advisors on issues such as trade.Cost less to run.Sphere of Influence:An area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges.
6New ImperialismIn the mid-1800s Britain was the most powerful nation in the world.It’s factories produced more goods than those of other countries.By the late 1800s however, Germany and the United States were challenging Britain’s economic leadership.Faced with possible decline, Britain looked to its colonies for markets and resources.
7These countries included: Other countries followed Britain’s lead and came to see colonies as necessary for their economic well being.These countries included:GermanyFrancePortugalNetherlands/DutchBelgiumSpainItaly
8Non- Western World In Decline From Older civilizations were on the decline especially the Ottoman Empire, Mughal India and Qing China.In Africa: Civil wars and the damaging effect of the slave trade brutally weakened established African states.
9Scramble for AfricaWestern states looked to Africa for economic, political, technological and social reasons.Imperialist Europe turned to Africa to divide in up amongst themselves.The modernizations of trade in the west increased the need for raw materials
10Scramble for AfricaEuropean powers had the advantages of strong economies and well-organized governments.African states were not strong enough to resist the Western forces.
11ResistanceEuropeans met armed resistance across the continent of Africa.The Algerians battle the French for years.The British battle the Zulus in southern Africa.Europeans were able to put down all forms of organized resistance.Maxim gun: Early machine gun against African resistance.Ethiopia was the only kingdom to resist European colonization and maintain independence.
12Native Congo Free State labourers who failed to meet rubber collection quotas were often punished by having their hands cut off
13Effects of Imperialism As late as 1880, European nations ruled just 1/10 of the continent of Africa.By 1914, Europeans had claimed all of Africa except Liberia (a small territory of freed slaves from the United States) and Ethiopia.
14Imperialism spread Western Civilization around the globe. At the beginning of the twentieth century in many parts of Europe, even the working class and peasantry were able to purchase goods from far away places.Imperialism spread Western Civilization around the globe.The influence of Western ideas, institutions, techniques, language and culture is apparent everywhere.