2 Kinds of Clauses Independent Clauses Expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a simple sentenceEx: Many people love to read about their personalities
3 Kinds of Clauses Subordinate Clauses (Dependant) Does not express a complete thought- can’t stand aloneHas it’s own subject (sometimes a pronoun) and a verb, but isn’t a sentence because of one word (the subordinating conjunction)Ex: If current studies are correctBecause I like to readWhen I go to the store.
4 Conjunctions Coordinating Conjunctions (FANBOYS) Join independent clauses (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)Subordinating ConjunctionsIntroduce subordinate clausesIf not for this word, the subordinate clause would be a sentenceEx: Because I like to read (I like to read is a sentence)
5 Common Subordinating Conjunctions After, although, as, as if, as though, because, before, even though, if, in order that, that, provided, how, since, so that, than, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, while, who, whom, whose, why
6 Adjective clausesSubordinate (dependant) clauses that act as adjectivesDescribes nounAnswers which one? What kind? How many? or how much?Ex: Some psychologists rely on tests that determine specific personality types.What kind of test? The kind that determine personality types.
7 Subordinate Conjunctions Words commonly used to introduce Adj. clauses:That, which, who, whom, whoseAfter, before, since, when, where, why