Presentation on theme: "Language Network Pg. 92. Independent Clause – Contains a subject, a verb, conveys a complete thought, and is also know as a complete sentence Subordinate."— Presentation transcript:
Independent Clause – Contains a subject, a verb, conveys a complete thought, and is also know as a complete sentence Subordinate Clause - Contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought.
Adjective Clause – is a subordinate clause used as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun Adverb Clause – is a subordinate clause used as an adverb to modify an adjective, adverb, or a verb Noun Clause – is a subordinate clause used as a noun.
Coordination is used to join two independent clauses together. The sentences are joined with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So) + a comma.
Two independent clauses: The Daily Show is popular. It is more entertaining than reality. Joined through coordination: The Daily Show is popular, and it is more entertaining than reality.
A subordinate clause (dependant clause) contains a subject and a verb, but does not express a complete thought. Like coordination, subordination is a way to join short sentences with related ideas into a longer, more sophisticated sentence.
Subordinate clause: because he was accepted into the Officer Training Program *If we left that sentence alone, it would be called a fragment. Why? We will join this subordinate clause to an independent clause to make it a complete thought. We join subordinate clauses with subordinating conjunctions!
Example: Patti is proud of her son because he was accepted into the Officer Training Program Subordinating conjunctions: After, Although, As, Because, Before, Until, When, Where, While, Since, and there are others.
When a subordinate clause ends the sentence, it usually does not need to be preceded by a comma (,). You can also put a subordinating conjunction and a subordinating clause at the beginning of a new sentence. When the dependant clause comes first, use a comma to separate it from the rest of the sentence.
When I eat out, I usually have steak. Identify the subordinating conjunction, subordinating clause, and the independent clause.
When (Subordinating conjunction) I eat out (Subordinating clause) I usually eat steak. (Independent clause) Who are my winners?
Using subordination creates variety in your sentence structure, and gives your writing style.
You can use a prepositional phrase, infinitive phrase, participle phrase, and a gerund phrase to start any sentence! Prepositional phrase: Through the woods Infinitive phrase (to + a verb) To win is my passion Participle phrase: The screaming goat was caught in the fence. Gerund phrase: Swimming is my worst fear Appositive Phrase: Sharon, my friend.
Adjectives tell: which one, how many, how much, or what kind A subordinate clause that is used to modify a noun or pronoun. Words that introduce adjective clauses: who, whom, whose, that, which, when, where, why. Essential and nonessential adjective clauses: “That” is used to introduce an essential clause (No comma) “Which” is used to introduce a nonessential clause. (Comma)
Adverbs tell: where, why, how, when, or to what degree something was done A subordinate clause used to modify a verb, adjective or adverb Subordinative conjunctions are used to introduce an adverb clause. Look on pg. 96 at the table for examples.
On pg. 97, 1-10 A. Write the adjective or adverb clause and the word those modify. Example: 1. Who have family trees / ones