Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 Section 2 Unrest in Rural America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 11 Section 2 Unrest in Rural America Populism- Political movement to increase the power of farmers.Greenbacks-Issued during Civil WarCould not be exchanged for gold or silverInflation- increase in $ supply, decline in value of $Government response-1. Stopped printing Greenbacks2. Stopped making silver coins3. Caused deflationD. Deflation caused farmers to borrow money to plant crops1. Interest rates went up.E. Farmers wanted more Greenbacks printed and more silver coins minted
2 F. The Grange- National farm organization G. Cooperatives- Marketing organizations for farmers1. Pooled crops and held them out of market to increase prices.II. Farmers’ AllianceA. Organized cooperatives called exchanges1. Wholesalers, manufacturers, railroads, and bankers discriminated against exchangesB. Kansas Alliance formed the People’s Party or PopulistsIII. Rise of PopulismA. Farmers Alliance Issued Ocala Demands1. Subtreasury 2. Silver Coinage3. end of Tariffs 4. end of National Bank5. railroad regulation 6. direct election of SenatorsB. Many pro-Alliance Democrats were elected in the SouthC. July 1892-People’s Party held a national convention1. Platform similar to Ocala Demands
3 D. Added workers’ issues to farmers’ issues E. Panic of 1893 caused President Cleveland to abandon Silver coins.F. Democrats split into Goldbugs and SilveritesIV. Election of 1896A. Dems nominated William Jennings BryanB. Republicans nominated William McKinleyC. Populists supported BryanD. McKinley won.
4 Section 3 Resistance and Repression A. Most African Americans were sharecroppers1. landless farmers2. Paid a share of their crops for rentB. Exodusters-Mass migration to Kansas1. Benjamin “Pap” SingletonC. Colored Farmers National Alliance1. many joined Populist Party2. Democrats began using racism towin back the poor white vote
5 II. Disfranchising African Americans A. Civil Rights Amendments1. 13th Abolished Slavery2. 14th Anyone born or naturalized in the U.S. is a citizen3. 15th Cannot keep anyone from voting based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude.B. Southern States found loopholes in the 15th AmendmentMississippi-Required a poll tax2. Also required a literacy testC. Grandfather Clause- protected poor whites1. Could vote if you had an ancestor on the voting roles in 1867III. Legalizing SegregationA. Segregation-Separation of the races1. North and South2. Jim Crow Laws
7 B. 1883-Supreme Court overturned the 1875 Civil Rights Act 1. Businesses and organizations were free to practice segregationC. Supreme Court Case of Plessy v. Ferguson1. “Separate but Equal” facilities for African Americans was legal2. Established a legal basis for discriminationD. Mob violence1, Between hundreds of lynchings took place in the U.S.IV. The African American ResponseA. Ida B. Wells-crusaded against lynchingB. Booker T. Washington- Urged African Americans to focus on economic achievement rather than politicalC. W.E.B. Du Bois-Believed that African Americans had to demand their right, especially voting rights, to gain full equality.