2 Resistance and Repression After Reconstruction, most African Americans were sharecroppersMany of them joined the Populist Party, which angered white Democrats who turned to racist tactics to win the support of poor whitesBy 1890 election officials in the south began using methods to make it difficult for Blacks to vote
3 Disfranchising African Americans Southern states used loopholes to impose voting restrictions on BlacksPoll taxesLiteracy testsGrandfather clauseSouthern states passed laws that enforced segregation in public placesCalled “Jim Crow Laws”
4 Disfranchising African Americans In 1883 the Supreme Court overturned the Civil Rights Act of 1875The Supreme Court ruling in Plessey vs. Ferguson legalized “separate but equal” facilitiesViolence against Blacks increasedBetween 1890 and 1899, hundreds of lynchings took place in the south.
6 African American Response In 1892 Ida B. Wells began an anti-lynching crusadeShe wrote newspaper articles and a book denouncing lynchings and mob violence against BlacksBooker T. Washington urged fellow African Americans to concentrate on achieving economic goals rather than political ones.He explained his views in a speech known as the Atlanta Compromise