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The Rise of Segregation

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Segregation"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Segregation
Chapter 6 Section 5

2 Exodusters African American migrants to Kansas
Led by Benjamin “Pap” Singleton Why did they go?

3 African Americans and Populists
Colored Farmers’ National Alliance: 1886 1891: Populist party formed, many African-Americans joined Democrats threatened “Black Republican” rule

4 Taking Away the Vote 15th Amendment: states cannot deny the vote based on “race, color, or previous condition of servitude” 1890: Mississippi introduced $2 poll tax and literacy test Other states followed suit “Grandfather Clause”

5 Segregation De facto: Northern segregation
People lived in different areas De jure: Southern segregation Enforced by law Jim Crow laws

6 Jim Crow 1883: Supreme Court overturned Civil Rights Act of 1875-designed to stop segregation 14th Amendment only applied to government owned facilities Southern states began passing laws that enforced segregation in privately owned places

7 Plessy v. Ferguson 1892: Homer Plessy rode in white only train car and was arrested 1896: Supreme Court upheld the law Separate but equal principal established

8 Ida B. Wells 1890-1899: average of 187 lynchings per year
Wells launched a campaign against lynching Lynching numbers fell in the 1900s

9 Mary Church Terrell Fought against lynching, racism and sexism
Helped found National Association of Colored Women, NAACP

10 Booker T. Washington Wanted African-Americans to focus on economic goals, not political ones Atlanta Compromise Postpone fight for civil rights, focus on education

11 W.E.B. DuBois The Souls of Black Folk: written in response to Atlanta Compromise Rejected compromise Focused on maintaining and excercising voting rights

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