Presentation on theme: "Segregation & Discrimination"— Presentation transcript:
1 Segregation & Discrimination Changes in American LifeChapter 21 Section 3
2 Essential Questions: Why do people discriminate against each other? Why did Southern “Whites” create Jim Crow Laws?What impact did Plessy vs. Ferguson have on the United States?How did Civil Right Activists differ in their approaches for Civil Rights?
3 Racial Discrimination Different Treatment of People on the Basis of Race
4 4 Cultures Facing Discrimination in the U.S. (1865-1914)
5 United States Reconstruction: (1865-1877) The Civil War Ended (1865)North Occupied the South (U.S. Army)Passed the 13th, 14th, & 15th AmendmentsHelped African Americans Gain More Equality & Freedoms
7 Southern Whites Take Away African American Political Power (Voting Rights) Literacy TestsExams Given in Latin to Prevent African Americans from VotingMost African Americans in the South Were NOT EducatedPoll TaxesPay a Tax in Order to VoteMost African Americans Could Not Afford the Tax
8 3 Methods Continued…The Literacy Test & the Poll Tax Prevented Poor Uneducated Whites From VotingSouthern States Passed the Grandfather Clause:Totally MESSED UP!Stated if You Had an Ancestor that Could Vote BEFORE 1867, Then You Could VoteWhy do African Americans NOT Have Ancestors that Voted Before 1867?
9 Why Are White Southerners Afraid of African Americans Voting? African Americans Would Vote for Other African Americans or Whites That Supported Equal RightsPass Laws to Promote EqualitySouthern Whites Would Lose Political Power!
10 Jim Crow Laws Laws Passed by Southern States to Enforce Segregation Separation of Whites & Blacks in Public Places (Parks, Schools, Libraries, Movies, Bathrooms, etc…)
16 Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)#4 of the 7 Supreme Court Cases YOU MUST KNOW!Homer Plessy Sued a Railroad Company for Segregated Seating on Railroad CarsClaimed it Violated 14th Amendment (Everyone is Equal)
17 Supreme Court’s Ruling on Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) U.S. Supreme Court Ruled Against Plessy“Separate BUT Equal”HUGE Mistake by the Supreme Court!
18 Impact of Plessy vs. Ferguson Segregation Was LEGAL! All Public Places Could Be Separated by RaceSegregation & Discrimination INCREASED!What a MISTAKE!
20 Segregated Schools Schools Were NOT Equal! Whites Controlled Government PositionsPut $$$ into White Schools & Facilities, Not African American Ones
21 Booker T. Washington Former Slave Founded the Tuskegee Institute (Teacher)Wanted African Americans to Gain Equality Through Trades/Learning Skills/Getting Jobs & $$Did NOT Challenge/Fight Against Segregation:Figured Whites Would Support the Tuskegee Institute if He Did NOT Fight Segregation
22 W.E.B. Du Bois Harvard Educated Totally REJECTED Segregation! Founded the NAACP in 1909NAACP Fought to End Segregation ASAP!
23 “The Talented 10th”Du Bois Believed Educated African Americans Would End SegregationTop 10% of Educated African Americans Would Lead the WayWhy do You Think He Believed This?Was He Right?
24 NAACP The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Founded in 1909 by W.E.B. Du BoisFought Against Segregation in the 20th CenturyFights for Equal Rights!
25 KKK Used Violence to Keep African Americans from Voting Used Violence to Keep SegregationScared/Intimidated Anyone Who Wanted to End Segregation
29 Ida B. Wells African American Journalist (Memphis Tennessee) Exposed Problems of Lynching – Lost 3 FriendsHad to Leave Because of KKKRead Her Story (Page 624)
30 LynchingExtremely Powerful Images!Makes Me Too Nauseous to Show You!
31 Discrimination in Northern States Many African Americans Moved to Northern States (No Jim Crow Laws)However, African Americans Could NOT Get Housing in White NeighborhoodsDenied JobsStill Faced Violence
32 Racism Towards Asians Chinese Exclusion Act Chinese Workers Got Lower Pay $$$ Than WhitesFaced Violent Attacks
39 Essential Questions: Why do people discriminate against each other? Why did Southern “Whites” create Jim Crow Laws?What impact did Plessy vs. Ferguson have on the United States?How did Civil Right Activists differ in their approaches for Civil Rights?