Discrimination: What is it? To make a difference in treatment or favor on a basis other than individual merit
Early Discrimination Chinese Exclusion Act : (1882) Barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese already in the country from becoming citizens Too many Chinese immigrants coming over at one time. Taking all of American jobs They work harder and for less money
After Reconstruction: African American’s rights were slowly undermined Attempts to unify and separate Whites and African Americans failed → Increase in movement to take away African American’s Civil Rights HOW? Taking away their rights to vote 15 th Amendment: prohibits states from denying citizens the right to vote on the basis of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude,” 1890 - Mississippi imposed Poll Taxes ($2) → Must be paid by all citizens when registering to vote
Legalizing Segregation Segregation: Separation of the races North: African Americans barred from public places South: passed laws that enforced discrimination Jim Crow Laws Rise and Fall of Jim CrowRise and Fall of Jim Crow Separate toilets Sit in the back of the bus No intermarriages Separate schools
Plessy v. Ferguson 1892- Homer Plessy from Louisiana Rode in the “White’s Only” car and got arrested. Supreme Court declared that he was in the wrong. Established “SEPARATE BUT EQUAL”
African-American Response Ida B. Wells- Press and Media (against lynching) Booker T. Washington- Focus on achieving economic goals vs. political goals W.E.B. Dubois- wanted African Americans to demand equal rights immediately DuBois vs. Washington
Activity Of all the people we just discussed, write a persuasive argument to tell me whose response you think is the best to increase the African American status during this time period. Give me 3 reasons why and explain them fully. Due at the end of the period.