2 Racism Causes Discrimination Reconstruction allowed southern blacks to gain political power.Reconstruction ended in 1877 and southern states began to restrict African American rights.
3 Restriction on Voting Rights Literacy (reading) test – unfair exams – some were written in LatinPoll Taxes – African Americans in the South did not have enough money to pay the tax.Grandfather clause
4 Jim CrowLaws meant to enforce segregation (separation of black and white people in public places)
5 Plessy v. FergusonHomer Plessy, an African American male in 1892 sued a railroad company arguing that segregated seating violated his 14th Amendment Rights – “equal protection of the laws”The Supreme Court ruled against Plessy saying that – “separate but equal” facilities did not violate the 14th Amendment
6 Separate but Equal Separate facilities were not equal. White controlled companies and government allowed the facilities for African Americans to decay.
8 Violence in the South KKK – used violence to enforce segregation More than 2,500 African Americans were lynched between and 1900Ida B. Wells – journalist – three of her friends were lynched to she started an anti-lynching campaign in her newspaper
9 Violence in the NorthMany African Americans moved North to escape discrimination and segregationBlack could not get housing in white neighborhoods
10 Racism in the WestChinese workers received less money than whites for the same work.Mexican and African American were forced into peonage – system of labor in which people were forced to work until they paid off their debts.