Presentation on theme: "PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE. The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present."— Presentation transcript:
The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.
FORM (HAVE-HAVEN’T / HAS- HASN’T + PAST PARTICIPLE) AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I have worked. You have worked. He has worked. She has worked. It has worked. We have worked. You have worked. They have worked. I haven´t worked. You haven´t worked. He hasn´t worked. She hasn´t worked. It hasn´t worked. We haven´t worked. You haven´t worked. They haven´t worked. Have I worked? Have you worked? Has he worked? Has she worked? Has it worked? Have we worked? Have you worked? Have they worked?
USE OF PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Puts emphasis on the result. Example: She has written five letters. Action that is still going on. Example: School has not started yet.
Action that stopped recently. Example: She has cooked dinner. Finished action that has an influence on the present. Example: I have lost my key.
Action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking. Example: I have never been to Australia.
SIGNAL WORDS OF PRESENT PERFECT already ever just never not yet so far till now up to now
EXERCISES I _____ answered the question. She _____ opened the window. They _____ called us. You _____ carried a box. It _____ rained a lot. We _____ washed the car. He _____ closed the window. Jenny _____ locked the door. The girls _____ visited the museum. John and Sophie _____ helped in the garden. 1. Fill the gaps with 'have' or 'has'.
2. Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple). I (not / work) ________ today. We (buy) ________ a new lamp. We (not / plan) ________ our holiday yet. Where (be / you) ________? He (write) ________ five letters. She (not / see) ________ him for a long time. (be / you) ________ at school? School (not / start) ________ yet. (speak / he) ________ to his boss? No, he (have / not) ________ the time yet.
3. Write positive sentences in present perfect simple. Bob / visit / his grandma __________________________________________________ Jimmy / play / on the computer __________________________________________________ Sue and Walter / wash / their car __________________________________________________ Andrew / repair / his bike __________________________________________________ Phil / help / Anne with maths __________________________________________________
4. Write negative sentences in present perfect simple. Sarah / not / wash the dishes __________________________________________________ Anita / not / clean the kitchen __________________________________________________ Jack and Daniel / not / water the plants __________________________________________________ Joey / not / make his bed __________________________________________________ David / not / buy milk __________________________________________________
5. Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. I have been in the garden. __________________________________________________ My sister has cooked dinner. __________________________________________________ Sue has read the book twice. __________________________________________________ My computer has crashed. – __________________________________________________ Jeane has been on holiday for eight days. __________________________________________________