Presentation on theme: "Have you ever been abroad? - Yes, I have. - No, I haven’t. Have you ever seen a mouse? - Yes, I have. - No, I haven’t. Have you ever broken a bone? - Yes,"— Presentation transcript:
Have you ever been abroad? - Yes, I have. - No, I haven’t. Have you ever seen a mouse? - Yes, I have. - No, I haven’t. Have you ever broken a bone? - Yes, I have. - No, I haven’t.
I have been to the states. I went to the states last summer. I have washed the dishes. I washed the dishes an hour ago.
1- Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time. The idea of time or place in the speaker’s mind makes the event recent. A time expression may emphasize recentness: just, recently, lately Present Perfect Tense Uses of the present perfect Why are they so happy? They have just won a prize so they are really pleased
Present Perfect Tense 2- Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences, there isn’t a definite time given. The time expressions ever and never are very often used with this meaning I have never been to Japan. Have you ever been there?
Present Perfect Tense 3- It is used to express actions that started in the past and continue to the present, the time period is not finished. We use for and since with this meaning. We use for with periods of time and since with points of time. I haven’t eaten since yesterday morning. I am really hungry I haven’t drunk anything for two days. I am terribly thirsty
Present Perfect Tense FORM: have / has + past participle Affirmative: I have seen the film before. She has seen the film before. Interrogative: Have you seen the film before? Has she seen the film before? Negative: They haven’t seen the film before. He hasn’t seen the film before.
Time Expressions 1.already: Mum has already cooked lunch. 2.just: I have just gone to bed. 3.yet: Lilian hasn’t packed her bag yet. 4. Has Lilian packed her bag yet? 5.ever: Have you ever been to Japan? 6.never: I have never been to Japan. 7.since: She has been a singer since she was twenty. 8.for: She has been a singer for ten years. 9.so far: Karen has made three friends so far. 10.recently/lately: I haven’t seen my cousins lately.
Present Perfect Tense We often use the present perfect tense with already and yet. Already: Something happened before now or earlier than expected. You can use already in positive sentences. Put already before the main verb. Yet: Until now. You use yet in negative sentences and questions only. Yet is put at the end of the statement. Example: A) Have you done your homework yet? B) No, I haven’t done it yet. / Yes, I’ve already done it.
Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple We use definite expressions with the Past simple tense: yesterday, last week, … ago etc, while we don’t use definite time expressions with the present perfect tense. I have been to France three times When did you go there last? I went there last summer.
Past simple vs. present perfect Present PerfectPast simple -Without definite time expression I have been there three times -Expresses an action that happened in the past and its effect is going on till the present. I have lost my money. (till now I can’t find it) -With definite time expression in the past I went to France last year. - Expresses an action that started and finished in the past. I lost my money yesterday. (may be I found it & may be not)
Gerald has bought a new car. He bought it last week. Have you met Ray? – Yes, I met him when we were students. My parents have been to India. In fact, they went there twice last year. Has anybody phoned me? – Yes, Joyce phoned an hour ago. I’ve seen that man before. – Really? When did you see him? Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple
Present Perfect Tense Have you ever listened to classical music? When did you hear it?
Present Perfect Tense Have you ever walked along a riverside similar to the one in the photograph? When did you do it?
Note the difference He has been to London. Now he is here. He can tell you wonderful stories about London. Where’s Peter? He has gone to London. He is in London now or on his way to London.
Note the difference They have gone to the cinema. (This means that they haven’t come back yet. They are still at the cinema.) She has been to London. (This means that she has visited London; she’s not there now. She has come back.)
Exercises 1: 1. You / correct / my mistakes 2. You / practise / your English 3. She / tidy up / her room 4. The boss / sign / the letter 5. Mary / shut / the door 6. Tony /build / a house. 7. Anne / cross / the street at the traffic lights. 8. They / be / to Australia. 9.Rupert / call / this number. 10. Betty / spend / 200 Euros at the shopping mall. Write sentences in present perfect
Exercises 1: 11. We / reach / our goal 12. Our team / lose / the match 13. She / underline / the word 14. They / not / discover / the treasure 15. Ron / not / talk / about the problem 16. You / knock / at the door 17. The teacher / mark / the tests 18. She / buy / a new computer 19. They / rescue / the girl 20. Brad / wear / a blue shirt Write sentences in present perfect
Exercises 2: 1. Mary / win / the lottery last year. 2. We / prepare / already / dinner. 3. James / find / your ring in the garden yesterday. 4. He / come / just / home. 5. They / buy / their car two years ago. 6. I / see / anyone yet. 7. Phil / go / to the cinema last night. 8. We / be / to the zoo so far. 9. She / arrive / yet. 10. Emily / visit / me last week. Write sentences in present perfect or past simple
Exercises 2: 11. / you / read / the book yet? 12. How many letters / they / write / so far? 13. When / he / tell / you that? 14. / you / be / at home last night? 15. How often / you / travel / abroad till now? 16. He / leave / just / his house. 17. We / build / a tree house last week. 18. Two years ago, Fiona / break / her leg. 19. I / wash / already / the dishes. 20. The other day, our cat / bring / home a mouse. Write sentences in present perfect or past simple