4 The Simple: Simple present It snows in Alaska.Tom watches television every day.Link 1Events or situations that existAlsways, usually, habitually;Exists now, have existed past, and probably will exist in the future.
5 The Simple: Simple past It snowed yesterday.Tom watched television last night.
6 The Simple: Simple Future It will snow tomorrow.It is going to snow tomorrow.Tom will watch television tonight.Tom is going to watch television tonight. (Link 1)
7 The Progressive: be + v.-ing Present Progressive Am/is/are doing…Tom is sleeping right now.
8 The Progressive: be +v.-ing Past Progressive was/were doingTom was sleeping when I arrived.
9 The Progressive: be + v.-ing Future Progressive will be doing…Tom will be sleeping when we arrive.Link 2
10 The Perfect: have + v-ed Present Perfect has/have done…Tom has already eaten.
11 The Perfect: have + -ed Past Perfect had done…Tom had already eaten when his friend arrived.
12 The Perfect: have + v-ed Future Perfect will have done…Tom will already have eaten when his friend arrives.Link 4
13 Perfect Progressive: have + been + -ing Present Perfect Progressive has/have been doing…Tom has been studying for two hours.
14 Perfect Progressive: have + been + -ing Past Perfect Progressive had been doing…Tom had been studying for two hours before his friend came.
15 Perfect Progressive: have + been + -ing Future Perfect Progressive will have been doing…Tom will have been studying for two hours by the time his friend arrives.Link 5
20 Simple Present Vs. Present Progressive I ______ for two hours every night. (Study)John ________ right now. (sleep)study– habitual or everyday activityis sleeping— in progress at the moment of speakingSee Link 7 for more practice exercises
21 Stative VerbsYum! This food ______ (taste) good. I _____ (like) it very much.The chef is in his kitchen. He ______ (taste) the sauce.tastes, like: have stative meanings; describe a state that exists.is tasting: an actionSee Link 8 for a list of stative verbs
22 Am/is/are being +Adjective Jack doesn’t feel well, but he refuses to see a doctor. He _____(be) foolish.Sue never does anything right. She ___ (be) foolish.is being: a temporary, in-progress behavioris:Click on link 9 for more exercises
23 Simple Past– Irregular Verbs I ______ (buy) a new car three days ago.I ______(bring) back home a big pile of books to read last night.boughtbroughtClick on Link 10 for a list of irregular Verbs
24 Past Progressive Vs. Simple past While I _______ (walk) down the street, it ______ (begin) to rain.was walking; began: one action (walk) began earlier and was in the progress when the other action (begin) occurred.Click on Link 10 for more exercises
25 Present Perfect _____ you _____ (visit) Mexico? I _______ (meet) many people since I came here in June.Have…visited: The exact time it happened is not important; adverbs: ever, never, already, yet, still, justhave met: repetition before Now; so far, sinceClick on Link 12 for more exercises
26 Present Perfect vs. Simple past I can not get into my apartment now. I ______ (lose) my key.I did something stupid yesterday. I ____(lose) my key.have lost: something happened at the past and it has an effect till now.lost: something that happened in the past.
27 Present Perfect Progressive You ___(study) for five straight hours.I __ (think) about changing my major.have been studying: Duration of an action, used with for, since, all day…have been thinking: general activity in progress recently, lately
28 Present Perfect Progressive I ___ (live) here since 1995.have lived; have been living: words like work, studyClick on Link 13 for more exercises
29 Past Perfect Sam ___ already ___ (leave) when Ann got there. Sam ___ (leave) before Ann ____(get) there.had…lefthad left/left; got: with before or afterClick on Link 14 for more exercises
30 Will vs. Be going to To express a prediction Be careful! You ____ (hurt) yourself!Watch out! You ___ (hurt) yourself!will hurt; are going to hurtA prediction: a statement about something s/he thinks will be true or will occur in the future, either will or be going to is possible. See GIU U19
31 Will vs. Be going to To express a prior plan Why did you buy this paint?I ____ (paint) my bedroom tomorrow.am going to painta prior plan: something the speaker intends to do in the future because in the past s/he has made a plan or decision to do it; In this case, only be going to is used.
32 Will vs. Be going to To express willingness A:The phone’s ringing. B: I __ (get) it.My friend told me that he would call me this afternoon at six. It is noon time. I __________(answer) the phone at six.will get it: no prior plan, volunteer; use Will only.am going to answer: with prior planClick on Link 15 for more exerices
33 Time cause: When/before/after… Bob will come soon. When Bob ____ (come), we ____ (see) him.comes; will see:Time cause= When/before.. + subject + verb. The meaning of time cause is future, but the simple tense is used.Click on Link 16 for more exercises.
34 Present Progressive -Future My wife has an appointment with a doctor. She _______ (see) Dr. North next Tuesday.is seeingused when the idea concerns a planned event or definite intention.Click on Link 18 for more exercises.
35 More Exercises for Practice Review of Verb Tenses:Link 19Link 20Link 21