Presentation on theme: "Present Perfect. Present Perfect Simple Haveworked Have you worked for the company before? Hasthought Has she thought about going abroad? have / has have."— Presentation transcript:
Present Perfect Simple Haveworked Have you worked for the company before? Hasthought Has she thought about going abroad? have / has have seen I have seen the film before. has studied She has studied English before. haven’t seen They haven’t seen the film before. hasn’t seen He hasn’t seen the film before. past participle +
PresentPresentPerfectPerfect Meaning and uses time Present, unfinished time Perfect, completed action in the past 1. Present result 2. Recent events 3. Indefinite events USES:
resulteventThe result of the event is present. 1. Present result ve brokenas you can see I’ve broken the window, as you can see. ve eaten I don’t feel well I think I’ve eaten too much. I don’t feel well. 10:00 14:00
The difference: Present Perfect & Past Simple The Past Simple no direct link to the presentThe Past Simple is used for something that happened in the past and that has no direct link to the present. lostfound I lost my keys, but I found them. have lost I have lost my keys. I can’t use my car. BUT
2. Recent events near the present moment just, recently, latelyRecent events near the present moment. A time expression may emphasize recentness (just, recently, lately). ’ve just broken I’ve just broken my watch. This is the first timehave eaten This is the first time I have eaten Japanese food.
3. Indefinite events No definite timeNo definite time is given for the event. ’ve been I’ve been to Paris four times. April 2010 March 2012 October 2012 May 2014
wentin August I went to London in August. Past Simple definite past timeyesterday, last week, in 1998...Compared with Past Simple – Events described using a definite past time (yesterday, last week, in 1998...) have beenthis year I have been to London twice this year. BUT The difference: Present Perfect & Past Simple
Gerald has bought a new car. He bought it last week. Have you met Ray? Yes, I met him when we were students. My parents have been to India twice. In fact, they went there last year. Has anybody phoned me? Yes, Joyce phoned an hour ago. I’ve seen that man before. Really? When did you see him?
Circle the correct tense 1.I looked up at the sky and saw / have seen a very bright light. 2.I lost / have lost the keys to my car. I don’t know what to do. 3.I felt / have felt much better when I got to the mountains. 4.It rained / has rained for two days before we could leave the hotel for the first time.
5.I told / have told you the same thing over and over again. Why don’t you listen? I’ll tell you again, but please pay attention this time. 6.It became /has become very hot in here suddenly. Is there something wrong with the air-conditioning? 7.Haven’t you finished your homework yet? I finished / have finished mine hours ago. 8.I waited / have waited for hours but nobody came.
9.I met / have met many interesting people since I came here last May. 10.You smoked / have smoked ten cigarettes so far today. Don’t you think you should stop? 11.Last week I invited / have invited a few friends over for dinner. 12.After less than 10 minutes they realised / have realised that they were lost.
Note the difference Now he is at home.He has been to Italy. Now he is at home. He can tell you wonderful stories about Italy. Where’s Peter? He is in Italy or He has gone to Italy. He is in Italy or on his way to Italy. on his way to Italy. been / gone