How were the political, social, and economic changes in Europe and Russia all related? Commercial integration, religious conflict, consolidation of power Changes in Russia Vast domain Internal diversity Absolutist government Changes in Europe Rise of northern powers Successful monarchies Mercantilist wars
Expansion of Russia (Muscovy) Not affected by Thirty Years’ War Security and religion inspired expansion Eliminated the steppe nomads Internally diverse Europe or Asia?
The Thirty Years’ War Originally German Catholics vs. German Protestants Became a conflict throughout Europe Depopulation Ended with Treaty of Westphalia (1648) Changed European warfare
Social Consequences Large armies Expensive war Heavy taxesPeasant revolts
European Economies Rise of northern cities Dutch pioneered economic practices England and France protected their economies Agricultural developments in northwestern Europe England changed the organization of property
French Monarchy Absolute monarchy Divine right of kings Versailles was center of court life Not everyone was pleased Protestants, peasants, criticism, nobles
English Monarchy Beginning with Queen Elizabeth in 1555 Control of patronage Court festivities Queens could rule by themselves Parliament was still important
Puritans vs. Anglicans Puritans Simple worship Equality within church government Parliament Anglicans Ornate ceremonies Religious hierarchy headed by monarch The Church of England Civil War Beheading of King Charles I (Anglican/The Church of England) Victory for parliamentary army (Puritan) Twelve years without a monarch
Glorious Revolution Monarch James II Absolutist Parliament Shared power Glorious Revolution Parliament and monarch must rule together King William III and Queen Mary II Church of England became official church Presbyterians and Jews could practice their religion Catholicism was “forbidden” Nobility and merchant classes got a say
Political Writings Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes Defending absolute power Two Treatises of Civil Government by John Locke Focused on rights of people Discussed consequences of unlimited power
Mercantilist Wars Conflict over trade regions Merchants smuggled goods into enemy territory Mostly outside of Europe Led to French and Indian War Britain emerged as greatest power
Bibliography Chekov, Anton, and Avrahm Yarmolinsky. The Unknown Chekhov: Stories and Other Writings Hitherto Unrelated. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Google Book Search. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. "Ivan III." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 19 Oct. 2010. KidsPast.com, By. "The Steppe Nomads - World History For Kids - By KidsPast.com." History For Kids - By KidsPast.com. 1998. Web. 19 Oct. 2010.. Smith, Nicole. "The Consequences of the Thirty Years War." Article Myriad. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2010.. "The Steppe Nomads." KidsPast.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. http://www.kidspast.com/?world- history/?0233-steppe-nomads.php. Tignor, Robert, et al. Worlds Together Worlds Apart. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2008. Print.