Presentation on theme: "Monarchs of Europe CHAPTER 19"— Presentation transcript:
1Monarchs of Europe CHAPTER 19 4/6/2017CHAPTER 19Monarchs of EuropeSection 1: France in the Age of AbsolutismSection 2: Russia in the Age of AbsolutismSection 3: Central Europe in the Age of AbsolutismSection 4: The English Monarchy
2France in the Age of Absolutism Section 1:France in the Age of AbsolutismObjectives:Explain how Henry VI and Cardinal Richelieu strengthened France.Analyze Louis XIV’s strategy for strengthening the central government.Identify Louis XIV’s reasons for waging war and the results.
3Strengthening the Monarchy Section 1:France in the Age of AbsolutismStrengthening the MonarchyCardinal Richelieu – worked to reduce strength of nobles and to reform the economyThe Thirty Years’ War – Protestant rebellion against Holy Roman Empire; ended with Treaty of Westphalia in 1648
4France in the Age of Absolutism Section 1:France in the Age of AbsolutismThe Sun KingVersailles – expense of palace strained the French economyDomestic and economic policies – absolute power for king, increased French industry at home and trade abroad, reformed tax system, leading naval power
5France in the Age of Absolutism Section 1:France in the Age of AbsolutismThe Wars of Louis XIVFighting for new territory – natural borders, other nations fought for a balance of powerWar of the Spanish Succession – Treaty of Utrecht provided that French and Spanish monarchies could never be unitedLouis XIV’s legacy – France became a leading European power, but caused destruction, loss of life and resources, and loss of territory
6Russia in the Age of Absolutism Section 2:Russia in the Age of AbsolutismObjectives:Identify ways Russia was isolated from western Europe.Analyze how Peter the Great used his power to change Russia.Examine how Catherine the Great expanded Russia’s territory.
7Isolation and a New Dynasty Section 2:Russia in the Age of AbsolutismIsolation and a New DynastyAsian influenceReligious differencesGeographically separated from Europe
8Russia in the Age of Absolutism Section 2:Russia in the Age of AbsolutismPeter the GreatPeter’s foreign mission – his attempt to form alliances against Ottoman Turks failed, but he learned many Western waysWesternizing Russia – improved training and weaponry, Western architecture, modernization in society
9Russia in the Age of Absolutism Section 2:Russia in the Age of AbsolutismCatherine the GreatCatherine’s policies – domestic policies were meaningless or harmful to most Russians, but foreign policies won new territory and extended the Russian empirePoland – Russia split Poland with Prussia and AustriaExpansion eastward – Siberia and Alaska
10Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism Section 3:Central Europe in the Age of AbsolutismObjectives:Explain how the Habsburgs gained and held power.Explain how the Hohenzollerns rose to power.Identify the factors that contributed to conflicts between Prussia and Austria.
11Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism Section 3:Central Europe in the Age of AbsolutismHabsburg AustriaMaria Theresa – Pragmatic Sanction allowed her to inherit all Habsburg lands
12The Rise of the Hohenzollerns Section 3:Central Europe in the Age of AbsolutismThe Rise of the HohenzollernsFrederick William I – sought to make Prussia a great power, efficient system of governmentFrederick the Great – highly intelligent, expanded territory and prestige
13Conflict Between Prussia and Austria Section 3:Central Europe in the Age of AbsolutismConflict Between Prussia and AustriaThe Diplomatic Revolution – reversal of alliances resulted in France and Austria opposing Prussia and Great BritainThe Seven Years’ War – began in North America as the French and Indian WarThe years of peace – European powers reluctant to fight again, so rebuilt and strengthened kingdoms at home
14The English Monarchy Objectives: Section 4: Describe the rule of Mary Tudor of England.Describe the rule of Elizabeth I.Explain the problems James I faced in ruling England.
15The English Monarchy The House of Tudor Section 4: Mary I married Philip II of SpainPersecuted Protestant clergyFailed because persecutions were too extreme“Bloody Mary”
16The Reign of Elizabeth I Section 4:The English MonarchyThe Reign of Elizabeth IElizabeth and Mary Queen of Scots – Mary plotted to kill Elizabeth; Elizabeth had Mary beheadedThe Spanish Armada – English ships defeated “Invincible Armada”Religious problems – Puritans wanted to rid church of all Catholic practices; Tudors persecuted non-AnglicansRelations with Parliament – Parliament challenged royal power, but Elizabeth managed them skillfully
17The English Monarchy James I Section 4: Son of Mary Queen of Scots, ruled England and ScotlandStrong supporter of Anglican Church, which caused conflicts with PuritansKing James Version of BibleLacked economic, diplomatic skillDid not fully understand English parliamentary systemBelieved in divine right of kings