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HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Monarchs of Europe Section 1:France in the Age of Absolutism Section 2:Russia.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Monarchs of Europe Section 1:France in the Age of Absolutism Section 2:Russia."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Monarchs of Europe Section 1:France in the Age of Absolutism Section 2:Russia in the Age of Absolutism Section 3:Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism Section 4:The English Monarchy CHAPTER 19

2 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives: Explain how Henry VI and Cardinal Richelieu strengthened France. Explain how Henry VI and Cardinal Richelieu strengthened France. Analyze Louis XIV’s strategy for strengthening the central government. Analyze Louis XIV’s strategy for strengthening the central government. Identify Louis XIV’s reasons for waging war and the results. Identify Louis XIV’s reasons for waging war and the results. Section 1: France in the Age of Absolutism

3 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Strengthening the Monarchy Cardinal Richelieu – worked to reduce strength of nobles and to reform the economy Cardinal Richelieu – worked to reduce strength of nobles and to reform the economy The Thirty Years’ War – Protestant rebellion against Holy Roman Empire; ended with Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 The Thirty Years’ War – Protestant rebellion against Holy Roman Empire; ended with Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 Section 1: France in the Age of Absolutism

4 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 The Sun King Versailles – expense of palace strained the French economy Versailles – expense of palace strained the French economy Domestic and economic policies – absolute power for king, increased French industry at home and trade abroad, reformed tax system, leading naval power Domestic and economic policies – absolute power for king, increased French industry at home and trade abroad, reformed tax system, leading naval power Section 1: France in the Age of Absolutism

5 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 The Wars of Louis XIV Fighting for new territory – natural borders, other nations fought for a balance of power Fighting for new territory – natural borders, other nations fought for a balance of power War of the Spanish Succession – Treaty of Utrecht provided that French and Spanish monarchies could never be united War of the Spanish Succession – Treaty of Utrecht provided that French and Spanish monarchies could never be united Louis XIV’s legacy – France became a leading European power, but caused destruction, loss of life and resources, and loss of territory Louis XIV’s legacy – France became a leading European power, but caused destruction, loss of life and resources, and loss of territory Section 1: France in the Age of Absolutism

6 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 Objectives: Identify ways Russia was isolated from western Europe. Identify ways Russia was isolated from western Europe. Analyze how Peter the Great used his power to change Russia. Analyze how Peter the Great used his power to change Russia. Examine how Catherine the Great expanded Russia’s territory. Examine how Catherine the Great expanded Russia’s territory. Section 2: Russia in the Age of Absolutism

7 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Isolation and a New Dynasty Asian influence Asian influence Religious differences Religious differences Geographically separated from Europe Geographically separated from Europe Section 2: Russia in the Age of Absolutism

8 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 Peter the Great Peter’s foreign mission – his attempt to form alliances against Ottoman Turks failed, but he learned many Western ways Peter’s foreign mission – his attempt to form alliances against Ottoman Turks failed, but he learned many Western ways Westernizing Russia – improved training and weaponry, Western architecture, modernization in society Westernizing Russia – improved training and weaponry, Western architecture, modernization in society Section 2: Russia in the Age of Absolutism

9 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Catherine the Great Catherine’s policies – domestic policies were meaningless or harmful to most Russians, but foreign policies won new territory and extended the Russian empire Catherine’s policies – domestic policies were meaningless or harmful to most Russians, but foreign policies won new territory and extended the Russian empire Poland – Russia split Poland with Prussia and Austria Poland – Russia split Poland with Prussia and Austria Expansion eastward – Siberia and Alaska Expansion eastward – Siberia and Alaska Section 2: Russia in the Age of Absolutism

10 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 Objectives: Explain how the Habsburgs gained and held power. Explain how the Habsburgs gained and held power. Explain how the Hohenzollerns rose to power. Explain how the Hohenzollerns rose to power. Identify the factors that contributed to conflicts between Prussia and Austria. Identify the factors that contributed to conflicts between Prussia and Austria. Section 3: Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism

11 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 Habsburg Austria Maria Theresa – Pragmatic Sanction allowed her to inherit all Habsburg lands Maria Theresa – Pragmatic Sanction allowed her to inherit all Habsburg lands Section 3: Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism

12 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 The Rise of the Hohenzollerns Frederick William I – sought to make Prussia a great power, efficient system of government Frederick William I – sought to make Prussia a great power, efficient system of government Frederick the Great – highly intelligent, expanded territory and prestige Frederick the Great – highly intelligent, expanded territory and prestige Section 3: Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism

13 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 Conflict Between Prussia and Austria The Diplomatic Revolution – reversal of alliances resulted in France and Austria opposing Prussia and Great Britain The Diplomatic Revolution – reversal of alliances resulted in France and Austria opposing Prussia and Great Britain The Seven Years’ War – began in North America as the French and Indian War The Seven Years’ War – began in North America as the French and Indian War The years of peace – European powers reluctant to fight again, so rebuilt and strengthened kingdoms at home The years of peace – European powers reluctant to fight again, so rebuilt and strengthened kingdoms at home Section 3: Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism

14 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 14 Objectives: Describe the rule of Mary Tudor of England. Describe the rule of Mary Tudor of England. Describe the rule of Elizabeth I. Describe the rule of Elizabeth I. Explain the problems James I faced in ruling England. Explain the problems James I faced in ruling England. Section 4: The English Monarchy

15 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 15 The House of Tudor Mary I married Philip II of Spain Mary I married Philip II of Spain Persecuted Protestant clergy Persecuted Protestant clergy Failed because persecutions were too extreme Failed because persecutions were too extreme “Bloody Mary” “Bloody Mary” Section 4: The English Monarchy

16 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 16 The Reign of Elizabeth I Elizabeth and Mary Queen of Scots – Mary plotted to kill Elizabeth; Elizabeth had Mary beheaded Elizabeth and Mary Queen of Scots – Mary plotted to kill Elizabeth; Elizabeth had Mary beheaded The Spanish Armada – English ships defeated “Invincible Armada” The Spanish Armada – English ships defeated “Invincible Armada” Religious problems – Puritans wanted to rid church of all Catholic practices; Tudors persecuted non-Anglicans Religious problems – Puritans wanted to rid church of all Catholic practices; Tudors persecuted non-Anglicans Relations with Parliament – Parliament challenged royal power, but Elizabeth managed them skillfully Relations with Parliament – Parliament challenged royal power, but Elizabeth managed them skillfully Section 4: The English Monarchy

17 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 17 James I Son of Mary Queen of Scots, ruled England and Scotland Son of Mary Queen of Scots, ruled England and Scotland Strong supporter of Anglican Church, which caused conflicts with Puritans Strong supporter of Anglican Church, which caused conflicts with Puritans King James Version of Bible King James Version of Bible Lacked economic, diplomatic skill Lacked economic, diplomatic skill Did not fully understand English parliamentary system Did not fully understand English parliamentary system Believed in divine right of kings Believed in divine right of kings Section 4: The English Monarchy


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