2 Rights of Englishmen Political democracy rests on the principle that government derives power from the consent of the governedIn other words, the people have to voluntarily give power to the government in order for it to rule.
3 Rights of Englishmen Foundations of English freedoms included: Magna Carta (1215)Limits the king’s powerCreates “Rule of Law”No one is above the law, not even the kingCommon lawLaws apply to all peopleTrial by juryOther rights – property, speech, press, etc.
4 English Civil WarPuritans in Parliament trying to take power from kingCharles I leads troops into Parliament to arrest membersEnglish Civil War beingsKings/nobles v. Parliament/PuritansParliament led by Oliver CromwellPuritan member of the Parliament
7 English Civil War Parliament wins Charles I executed → Parliament can’t decide on a new governmentCromwell takes over & makes himself dictatorPeople don’t like his strict ruleCromwell dies & Charles II becomes kingDevelopment of political parties / factions
8 Glorious Revolution “bloodless” revolution Exchange of power without warWilliam & Mary take the throneIncrease of Parliamentary power over royal powerEnglish Bill of Rights (1689)