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Section 1.5.  To understand how England transition from feudalism to a constitutional monarchy.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 1.5.  To understand how England transition from feudalism to a constitutional monarchy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 1.5

2  To understand how England transition from feudalism to a constitutional monarchy

3 Feudalism During the middle ages:  Feudalism- a loosely organized system of gov. among greater and lesser lords  William the Conqueror- took over England in 1066, made all lord swear fealty directly to him ◦ Census and efficient tax collecting system increase royal wealth and authority.

4 Henry II  Henry II-expanded legal system ◦ common law- a legal system based on custom and previous court decisions  Standardized crimes and punishments. ◦ Jury trials

5 Magna Carta  1215 King John abused his power and nobles revolted and made him sign the Magna Carta  Magna Carta: document that makes rule of law a key principle of government, nobles had certain rights

6 Houses of Parliament, London, England  The “Great Council” evolves into Parliament- England’s Legislature  Parliament wins the right to approve new taxes, which limits the power of the king.

7 Charles I  James I ◦ Religious intolerance ◦ Ruled with absolute authority ◦ Ignored parliament  Charles I ◦ Imprisoned foes w/o trial ◦ Forced to summon parliament to raise taxes ◦ Parliament forces him to sign the petition of rights, which he later ignores

8 1. Parliament revolts against Charles I. 2. Oliver Cromwell’s (Parliament’s) army defeats the king’s troops in the English Civil War.

9 Oliver Cromwell 1. Parliament abolishes (gets rid of) the monarchy, and Parliament declares England a republic, known as the “Commonwealth” 2. Cromwell become a dictator

10 William and Mary  After Cromwell (and some other stuff) the Parliament invited William and Mary of Orange to come take the throne  They had to sign the English Bill of Rights before taking the throne.  RESULT: Parliament was now more powerful than the King

11  1. What new practices did strong monarchs introduce in England?  2.How did the English Parliament limit the power of the monarch before the civil war?  3.Who was Oliver Cromwell? How does he compare to Charles I?  4. What three important documents in this section? Describe each.


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