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Mr. Johnson World History II WHII.6c The English Civil War.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. Johnson World History II WHII.6c The English Civil War."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. Johnson World History II WHII.6c The English Civil War

2 Unit Overview Absolute monarchs New ideas of the Enlightenment Revolutions & Civil Wars Liberal reforms: Limited monarchy, power in parliament, bills of rights Conservative backlash: Military dictatorships

3 English Traditions

4 Magna Carta Limited the power of the monarch Rule of law, not the changing whims of the king

5 Common Law Legal traditions established by court precedents, not written constitution

6 Trial by Jury of Peers

7 Anglican Church

8 James I, Absolute Monarch

9 Gunpowder Plot

10 Charles I, Absolute Monarch

11 English Civil War & Interregnum

12 Charles I, Absolute Monarch

13 Parliament Locked Out

14 English Civil War

15 Parliamentarian “Roundheads”

16 Loyalist “Cavaliers”

17 Execution of Charles I

18 Oliver Cromwell Winner of English Civil War Parliamentarian Roundhead Puritan Became a strict military dictator “Inter-regnum” Time between kings

19 The Restoration

20 Charles II Son of beheaded King Charles I “Restored” to the throne when Cromwell died Rewarded his supporters with land grants in the Americas

21 James II Successor to Charles II Was hated by many English people His wife & son were Catholic He tried to become an absolute monarch

22 Development of Factions Disagreements in Parliament over James II’s rule led to political parties “Tories” Conservatives who supported James & wanted a strong monarchy “Whigs” Liberals who opposed James & wanted a limited monarchy

23 Glorious Revolution

24 Glorious Revolution, 1688

25 “Bloodless Revolution” James II fled to France Protestant royals William & Mary became limited monarchs of England Increase of Parliamentary power, decrease of royal power Led to the English Bill of Rights

26 William & Mary

27 English Bill of Rights, 1689 Freedom of speech and petition Right to bear arms Rights of the accused No taxation without representation

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