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Chapter 4 section 1 Governing the Colonies. Chapter 4 section 1 Magna Carta.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 section 1 Governing the Colonies. Chapter 4 section 1 Magna Carta."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 section 1 Governing the Colonies

2 Chapter 4 section 1 Magna Carta

3 Chapter 4 section 1 Magna Carta – The king has to follow the law

4 Chapter 4 section 1 Magna Carta – The king has to follow the law – Right to own property – Everyone has the right to a trial by jury

5 Chapter 4 section 1 Magna Carta – The king has to follow the law – Right to own property – Everyone has the right to a trial by jury Lead to the formation of Parliament

6 Chapter 4 section 1 Parliament – Starts as “Great Council”

7 Chapter 4 section 1 Parliament – Starts as “Great Council” – Two-house legislature

8 Chapter 4 section 1 Parliament – Starts as “Great Council” – Two-house legislature

9 Chapter 4 section 1 Parliament – Starts as “Great Council” – Two-house legislature – No king could raise taxes without Parliaments' permission

10 Chapter 4 section 1

11 In the 1640s, power struggles between King Charles I and Parliament led to the English Civil War. Parliamentary forces eventually won the war, executed the king, and briefly ruled England. King Charles I Parliament

12 The Glorious Revolution 1688 – King James II is kicked out of power

13 The Glorious Revolution 1688 – King James II is kicked out of power – Put his daughter Mary and he husband William in power

14 The Glorious Revolution 1689 – King James II is kicked out of power – Put his daughter Mary and he husband William in power – Signed the English Bill of Rights

15 The English Bill of Rights: restated many of the rights granted by the Magna Carta. upheld habeas corpus. required that Parliament meet regularly.

16 The legal rights that Englishmen had won over the centuries led the colonists to expect a voice in their government. By 1760, every British colony in North America had a legislature of some kind, although the legislatures sometimes clashed with the colonial governors appointed by the king. Colonial Governors Appointed by the King Colonial Legislatures Most were elected

17 Freedom of the Press

18 John Peter Zenger – Newspaper Publisher Printed articles speaking out against the governor

19 Freedom of the Press John Peter Zenger – Newspaper Publisher Printed articles speaking out against the governor – Arrested for libel

20 Freedom of the Press John Peter Zenger – Newspaper Publisher Printed articles speaking out against the governor – Arrested for libel – Won the case because his articles were based on facts

21 Freedom of the Press

22 Terms and People legislature – a group of people who have the power to make laws bill of rights – a written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect habeas corpus – the principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime freedom of the press – the right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty libel – the publishing of statements that damage a person’s reputation


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