Presentation on theme: "Poisoning, Heat/Cold, Burns & Bleeding. Basic Information Obtain help A.S.A.P. Be confident and calm. Protect the victim. Maintain confidentiality."— Presentation transcript:
Poisoning, Heat/Cold, Burns & Bleeding
Basic Information Obtain help A.S.A.P. Be confident and calm. Protect the victim. Maintain confidentiality. Avoid further injury of the victim. Only provide treatment you’re qualified to give.
Happens by swallowing, inhaling, injecting, and contact with skin. Obtain help A.S.A.P. Poison Control Center: Know type of poison (if noticeable) Know how the injury came about. Know how the victim came in contact with the poison. Basic Information
Swallowing S/S: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, changes in consciousness, and seizures. Call Poison Control Center. Provide the S/S. Determine type of poison, how much was ingested, and when it was taken. Don’t give victim anything to eat or drink unless instructed to do so.
If patient is conscious: Induce vomiting by: Syrup of Ipecac, warm salt water, and tickling the back of the throat. DO NOT induce if: pt. swallowed acid, alkaline, or petroleum products, pt. is having convulsions, or if pt. has fresh burns. If patient is unconscious: Check for breathing. Always triage (to prioritize pt’s according to severity of injury.) Swallowing cont….
Call poison control center. S/S: pale or bluish skin. Remove the victim from the toxic fumes. Check breathing. Inhaling
Call Poison Control Center. Wash area with large amounts of water. Remove clothing and jewelry. If contact with poison ivy, poison oak, etc. use calamine lotion or make a paste with baking soda and water. Contact with Skin
Remove the stinger with a plastic card or a pair of tweezers. Wash area with soap and water, cover, and apply ice to reduce swelling and pain. Check for S/S of shock. Call for help A.S.A.P. if signs of shock. Give CPR if needed. S/S for allergic reaction: redness or swelling, itching, hives, and pain, swelling of the throat, dyspnea, and dizziness. Stings and Bites
Wash the wound. Keep body part very still. Keep body part lower than the heart. Look for S/S of shock and allergic reactions and provide CPR if needed. DO NOT: apply ice, cut the wound, or apply a tourniquet. Snakes
Injuries can be caused by fire, heat, chemicals, radiation, and electricity. When a burn breaks the skin, infection can occur. Burns can result in difficult breathing. Call for help A.S.A.P. Basic Information
Involves the top (epidermis) layer of skin. S/S: redness, discoloration, swelling, pain, and dry. Heals in 5-6 days without permanent scarring. Causes: the sun and mild contact with heat and flames. Superficial Burns ** 1 st Degree Burns**
Partial –Thickness Burns **2 nd Degree Burns**
2 nd Degree
Involves all layers of the skin, muscle tissue, fat, bones, and nerves. S/S: appears brown or black (charred) with white underlying tissue, can be extremely painful to painless. This burns is critical and requires immediate medical attention. Full-Thickness Burns **3 rd Degree Burns**
3 rd degree
All 3 types
Remove the victim from the source of heat. Cool the skin with large amounts of water. Cover the burn with a sterile dressing. If possible, relieve the pain. Check for S/S of shock. Prevent any infection. How to care for burns
Heat Cramps: muscle spasms and pain; thru perspiration you have a lack of Sodium. Care: move victim to cooler area and give small sips of water and encourage them to rest. Heat Exhaustion: body temperature is normal, you have a lack of fluids because of excessive diaphoresis. S/S: similar to shock. Care: move victim to cooler area, use cold wet cloths, and give small sips of water.
Heat Stroke: ***Medical Emergency*** body is no longer able to cool itself off, body temperature is 105 F. or more. S/S: no ability to sweat, skin is dry, red, and hot, fast, but strong pulse, loss of consciousness and disoriented. Care: cool victim down with a tepid bath. If you don’t get the victim cooled down, convulsions can occur then death. Victim CAN NOT take a warm bath/shower, get into a sauna or a hot tub or exercise for one week.
Move victim to a warmer place. Remove the wet clothing. Apply warm cloths to affected area for minutes. Apply dry, sterile dressings. Check for S/S of shock and provide CPR if needed. Ways to care for frostbite
To stop bleeding on an open wound: apply pressure with a clean absorbent cloth. Raise the wounded body part above the heart. Once the bleeding stops, clean wound with soap and water. Wrap in a sterile dressing.
Have the victim sit with their head tilted a bit forward. Pinch their nostrils together. Place an ice pack on the bridge of the nose. Nosebleeds