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ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCIES Unit 4. Bites and Stings  Although many bites are minor, some may break the skin.  Wound can bleed and become infected from.

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Presentation on theme: "ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCIES Unit 4. Bites and Stings  Although many bites are minor, some may break the skin.  Wound can bleed and become infected from."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCIES Unit 4

2 Bites and Stings  Although many bites are minor, some may break the skin.  Wound can bleed and become infected from germs  Animals may carry rabies

3 Action  Make sure scene is safe.Get first aid kit. Wear PPE  For animal bites, phone or send someone to phone 911  Clean the wound with soap and water  Stop any bleeding with pressure and dressing  For all bites that break the skin, call healthcare provider  If there is bruise or swelling, apply ice for up to 20 minutes.

4 Snakebites  It is helpful if you can identify the kind of snake  Signs of poisonous snakebites  Pain in the bite area that keeps getting worse  Swelling of the bite area  Nausea, vomiting, sweating and weakness

5 Actions  Make sure scene is safe.Get first aid kit. Wear PPE  Clear the area and call 911 or have someone call 911  Have victim stay calm  Remove any tight clothing and jewelry  Gently wash bite with soap and water if available.

6 Insect, Bee, and Spider Bites and Stings  Usually insect and spider bites and stings cause only mild pain, itching, and swelling at the bite  Some insect bites can be serious or fatal if:  The person has severe allergic reaction to bite or sting  Poison (Venom) is injected into the person  Black widow spider or brown recluse spider

7 Poisonous Spiders

8 Actions  Make sure scene is safe. Get first aid kit. Wear PPE  Phone or have someone call 911 if:  The person has signs of severe allergic reaction  Person tells you that she has allergic reaction to insect bites or stings  Get EpiPen  If a bee stung the person:  Look for the stinger. Bees are only insects that may leave stingers behind  Scrape away stinger and venom sac by using something with a dull edge such as a credit card  Wash bite or sting area with soap and water if available  Apply ice for up to 20 minutes  Watch person for at least 30 minutes for signs of allergic reaction

9 Bee Stinger and Venom Sac

10 Signs of Poisonous Spider bite  Severe pain at the site of bite  Muscle cramps  Headache  Fever  Vomiting  Breathing problems  Seizures  Lack of response

11 Ticks  Ticks can be found on animals and in wooded areas  They will attach themselves to exposed body parts  Some ticks carry serious diseases

12 Actions  Make sure scene is safe. Get first aid kit. Wear PPE  Grab the tick by its mouth or head as close to skin as possible with tweezers  Lift tick straight out without twisting or squeezing  Wash bite with soap and water if available  See healthcare provider ASAP

13 Heat-Related Emergencies  Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke  Most heat related emergencies are caused by vigorous exercise  Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms most often in calves, arms, stomach muscles, and back.

14 Actions  Make sure scene is safe. Get first aid kit. Wear PPE.  Have person with heat cramps rest and cool off  Have person drink something that contains sugar and electrolytes, such as juice or a sports drink, or water if others aren’t available  Once heat cramp symptoms stop, person can return to exercise  Ice, and massaging painful muscles may help

15 Heat Exhaustion  Serious condition that often turns into heat stroke  Signs of heat exhaustion include: sweating, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, muscle cramps, feeling faint and fatigue

16 Actions  Make sure scene is safe. Get first aid kit. Wear PPE.  Phone or ask someone to call 911  Have person lie down in cool place  Remove as much of persons clothing as possible  Cool person with cool water spray, or damp cloths on neck, armpit, and groin  Have person drink something that contains sugar, and electrolytes or water if others are avail.

17 Heat Stroke  Serious condition that looks similar to heat exhaustion but it is life threatening  you need to act quickly  Begin cooling person immediately. Every minute counts.  Key signs of heat stroke:  Confusion  Passing out  Dizziness  seizures

18 Actions  Make sure scene is safe. Get first aid kit. Wear PPE.  Phone or have someone call 911  Put person in cool water up to her neck if possible if not cool water spray or cloths.  See if person needs CPR.

19 Cold-Related Emergencies  Frostbite  Affects parts of the body that are exposed to cold or when handling cold materials such as gases under pressure  Hypothermia  When body temperature falls. Serious condition that can cause death.  Shivering protects body by producing heat. Shiver stops when body becomes too cold.

20 Frostbite  Signs  White waxy or grayish-yellow skin  Area is cold and numb  Area is hard, skin doesn’t move when you push it  ACTIONS  Move person to warm place  Call or have someone call 911  Remove tight clothing and jewelry from frostbitten part  Remove wet clothing and pat the body dry. Put dry clothes on person and cover with blanket

21 Hypothermia  Signs  Skin is cool to the touch  Confusion or drowsiness  Personality change/person may be unconcerned about condition  Muscles become stiff and rigid, skin becomes ice cold and blue  As body temp. continues to drop:  Person stops responding  Persons breathing slows  May be hard to tell if person is breathing  Person may appear to be dead

22 Actions for Hypothermia  Get person out of cold  Remove wet clothing and pat body dry. Put dry clothes on the person and cover with blanket  Call or have someone call 911  See if the person needs CPR

23 Poison  Poison is anything someone swallows, breathes, or gets in the eyes or on the skin that causes sickness or death.  Most important step is to make sure scene is safe before giving first aid.

24 Actions  Make sure scene is safe.Get first aid kit. Wear PPE  Help the person take off contaminated clothing and jewelry  Quickly help the person to a safety shower or eyewash station if he responds and can move.  Brush off any dry powder or solid substances from the skin with your gloved hand.  Rinse the contaminated area with a lot of water for at least 20 minutes or until someone with more training can take over  If only one eye is affected make sure the eye with the poison in it, is the lower eye you rinse.


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