2 1. A wound is a break in the soft tissue of the body. Wounds & Bleeding1. A wound is a break in the soft tissue of the body.
3 Open wounds result in External Bleeding 3. A closed wounddoes not break theskin and can result ininternal bleeding
4 4. How should I care for a minor wound? a. Wash your hands and put on gloves, if you have them.b. Wash the wound with soap and water.c. Place a sterile or clean cloth on the wound and apply pressure.
5 antibiotic ointment to the wound. d. After the bleeding has stopped, applyantibiotic ointment to the wound.e. Cover the wound with a clean or sterile dressing.
6 5. A pressure point is a place where anartery near theskin’s surfacelies over a bone.
7 6. Can you tell if a person is bleeding internally?What might some of the signs be?Only if it is near the surface of the skin. It might be coming from the ear, nose or mouth or vomiting blood.
9 the body’s internal temperature is Hyperthermiaa condition in whichthe body’s internal temperature ishigher than normal.Heat Exhaustion- the body becomes heated to a higher temp. than normal.*symptoms: cold, moist skin, headache*treatment: cool body down
10 Heat Stroke the body loses its ability to cool itself by sweating becausethe victim has becomedehydrated.*symptoms: hot dry skin, headache, nausea, extreme fatigue*treatment: get help immediately – life threatening
11 *treatment: warm affected body part, do not rub. Frostbitethe body tissuebecomes frozen*symptom: change in skin color to white or gray, feels numb*treatment: warm affected body part, do not rub.
12 the internal body temperature becomes dangerously low because Hypothermiathe internal body temperaturebecomes dangerously low becausethe body loses heatfaster than it can generate heat.*symptoms: stiff muscles, shivering, weakness, dizziness, cold skin*treatment: get shelter, remove wet clothes, wrap person in blankets or towels
14 In a closed fracture, the skin is unbroken 8. A fracture is a crack or abreak in a bone.In a closed fracture,the skin is unbroken10. In an open fracture, the skin in brokenand the bone may stick our from the skin.
15 12. An injury in which a bone 11. A splint is a device usedto stabilize a body part.12. An injury in which a bonehas been forced out of itsnormal position in a jointis a dislocation.
16 SPRAIN13. An injury in whichligaments arestretched or torn is aSTRAIN14. An injury in whichmuscle or tendons arestretched or torn is a
17 15. Describe the RICE technique for treating a joint, muscle or bone injury.ELEVATECOMPRESSIONICEREST
24 21. Poisons can be swallowed, inhaled, A poison is a substancethat can cause illness or deathwhen taken intothe body.21. Poisons can be swallowed, inhaled,absorbed through the skin by contact,or can occur as a result ofbeing bitten or stung.
25 Who should you call if you suspect someone has been poisoned? Poison Control Center
27 driver behavior 23. The factor that contributes most often to automobile accidents is…driverbehavior
28 24. Other factors that should be avoided are speeding, aggressiveness and impaired driving Someone who practicesbehaviors that help avoidcar crashes is said to be adefensive driver
29 driving that apply to all 26. Some general rules fordriving that apply to allmotor vehicles are:a. don’t drive underthe influenceb. avoid fatiguec. leave room between you andcar in frontd. drive the speed limite. monitor the road and surroundings.f. be courteous.