2 Poison, Bites, and StingAnimal biteSnake biteInsect StingPoisoning
3 Poison, Bites, and Sting Animal Bite Objectives Bites from sharp, pointed teeth cause deep puncture wounds that can cause infectionObjectivesControl bleedingMinimize risk of infection
4 Poison, Bites, and Sting Animal Bite TreatmentWash the wound with soap and water to minimize the risk of infectionPat dry with clean cloth and cover with dressingArrange to take to hospital ifthe wound is large or deep.
5 Poison, Bites, and Sting Snake Bite Venom is a poisonous substance that one animal injectsinto another in order to defend itself.
6 Poison, Bites, and Sting Snake Bite Signs and symptomsSwelling and Fang marksSevere localized painNausea and vomitingDisturbed visionIncreased salivation and sweatingLabored breathingLoss of muscle coordinationRapid pulse
7 Poison, Bites, and Sting Snake Bite ObjectivesTo prevent the spread of the venomTo transport casualty to hospitalTreatmentReassure the victim and lay him down on the groundWash the wound and dry with clean clothLightly compress the limb above the woundImmobilize the affected area and keep it lower than the heartRemove jewelry, as swelling will cause constrictionIf possible, try to get the description of the snake
8 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect stings Complications Shock Multiple stings result in cumulative effect.Airway obstruction caused by swelling in the throat
9 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect Stings Signs and symptomsPain, redness, and swelling at the site of stingNausea and vomittingHeadache
10 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect Stings TreatmentThe stinger can be removed using a gauze wiped over the area or by scraping a fingernail over the area.Wash the site with soap and water.Apply a cold compress to relieve pain and minimize swelling.Look out for allergic reaction
11 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect Stings PrecautionDo not use tweezers or fingers to remove the stings. It will cause more venom to go into the skin and injure the muscle.
12 Poison, Bites, and Sting Poisoning Mode of transmissionPoisoning caused by swallowing, injecting, breath in, or otherwise being exposed to a poisonous substance
13 Poison, Bites, and Sting Poisoning Common causesMedicinesDetergents and cleaning productsCarbon monoxide gasHousehold plantsPaintsInsecticidesCosmeticsIllicit drug overdoseChemical exposuresFood poisoningAnimals
14 Poison, Bites, and Sting Swallowed Poison Signs and symptomsNausea vomitingAbdominal painSeizurePulse (irregular, fast, or slow)Unconsciousness
15 Poison, Bites, and Sting Swallowed Poison TreatmentReassureSeek medical aide immediatelyObtain information on type of poison swallowedGive frequent sips of cold milkor water for burned lips
16 Poison, Bites, and Sting Swallowed Poison PrecautionDo not induce vomiting for corrosive poisoningMaintain open airway if casualty is unconsciousCPR may be required
17 Poison, Bites, and Sting Chemical in the Eye Splashed in the eyeSigns and symptomsPainTearingBlurred visionTreatmentWash eyeSeek medical help
18 The end Module 8 Poison, Bites, and Sting For training purpose only Not for sale