3 Poison, Bites, and Sting Animal Bite Bites from sharp, pointed teeth cause deep puncture wounds that can cause infection Objectives Control bleeding Minimize risk of infection
4 Poison, Bites, and Sting Animal Bite Treatment Wash the wound with soap and water to minimize the risk of infection Pat dry with clean cloth and cover with dressing Arrange to take to hospital if the wound is large or deep.
5 Poison, Bites, and Sting Snake Bite Venom is a poisonous substance that one animal injects into another in order to defend itself.
6 Poison, Bites, and Sting Snake Bite Signs and symptoms Swelling and Fang marks Severe localized pain Nausea and vomiting Disturbed vision Increased salivation and sweating Labored breathing Loss of muscle coordination Rapid pulse
7 Poison, Bites, and Sting Snake Bite Objectives To prevent the spread of the venom To transport casualty to hospital Treatment Reassure the victim and lay him down on the ground Wash the wound and dry with clean cloth Lightly compress the limb above the wound Immobilize the affected area and keep it lower than the heart Remove jewelry, as swelling will cause constriction If possible, try to get the description of the snake
8 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect stings Complications Shock Multiple stings result in cumulative effect. Airway obstruction caused by swelling in the throat
9 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect Stings Signs and symptoms Pain, redness, and swelling at the site of sting Nausea and vomitting Headache
10 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect Stings Treatment The stinger can be removed using a gauze wiped over the area or by scraping a fingernail over the area. Wash the site with soap and water. Apply a cold compress to relieve pain and minimize swelling. Look out for allergic reaction
11 Poison, Bites, and Sting Insect Stings Precaution Do not use tweezers or fingers to remove the stings. It will cause more venom to go into the skin and injure the muscle.
12 Poison, Bites, and Sting Poisoning Mode of transmission Poisoning caused by swallowing, injecting, breath in, or otherwise being exposed to a poisonous substance
13 Poison, Bites, and Sting Poisoning Common causes Medicines Detergents and cleaning products Carbon monoxide gas Household plants Paints Insecticides Cosmetics Illicit drug overdose Chemical exposures Food poisoning Animals
14 Signs and symptoms Nausea vomiting Abdominal pain Seizure Pulse (irregular, fast, or slow) Unconsciousness Poison, Bites, and Sting Swallowed Poison
15 Treatment Reassure Seek medical aide immediately Obtain information on type of poison swallowed Give frequent sips of cold milk or water for burned lips Poison, Bites, and Sting Swallowed Poison
16 Poison, Bites, and Sting Swallowed Poison Precaution Do not induce vomiting for corrosive poisoning Maintain open airway if casualty is unconscious CPR may be required
17 Splashed in the eye Signs and symptoms Pain Tearing Blurred vision Treatment Wash eye Seek medical help Poison, Bites, and Sting Chemical in the Eye
The end Module 8 Poison, Bites, and Sting For training purpose only Not for sale