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PCH First Aid.  Bleeding  For small scrapes wash the area with mild soap and water.  Heavier bleeding wounds cover with sterile gauze and apply pressure.

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Presentation on theme: "PCH First Aid.  Bleeding  For small scrapes wash the area with mild soap and water.  Heavier bleeding wounds cover with sterile gauze and apply pressure."— Presentation transcript:

1 PCH First Aid

2  Bleeding  For small scrapes wash the area with mild soap and water.  Heavier bleeding wounds cover with sterile gauze and apply pressure.  DO NOT TAKE gauze off of the wound. Just add more if needed.  If bleeding does not stop seek medical help.

3  Burns  First-degree burns: affects top layer of skin. Red and some pain. Run cold water over, do not put ice or ice water over burn.  Second-degree burns: affect two layers of skin and cause blisters. Pour cool water over the area, or wet cold compress. Cover the burn with a sterile bandage. If larger than 2 inches go to emergency room.

4  Burns  Third-degree burns: affect all layers of skin. Some muscle and even bone may be burned. Skin looks dark or dry white. Call for help right away. Cover burn with a clean, wet cloth. Do not remove clothing stud to the burn

5  Poisons can enter your body through your stomach, lungs, and skin.  Try to find out what poison was taken.  Call your local poison control center.

6  Broken or cracked bone.  Try not to move the injured area.  Call for help, or go to the emergency room.  You can make a splint (a stiff object to keep area from moving) and wrap it with bandages.

7  A bone has been forced out of its normal position in a joint.  Do not try to put a dislocated bone back into place.  Do your best to keep the joint from moving, and seek medical help.

8  Three “C’s”  Check  Call  Care

9  Is it safe?  What happened?  How many people are involved?  Is there immediate danger involved?  Is anyone else available to help?  What is wrong?

10  Call  Police department  Fire department  Poison control  Family doctor  Always call before you give care.

11  Do no further harm  Monitor the person’s breathing and consciousness.  Help the person rest in the most comfortable position.  Keep the person form getting chilled or overheated.  Reassure the person  Give any specific care needed.

12  To help protect people who voluntarily give care without accepting anything in return.  If they DO NOT give consent  Do not give care but instead call or the local emergency number

13  Person is or becomes unconscious  Has trouble breathing  Chest discomfort  Bleeding severely  Severe (critical burn)  Pressure or pain in abdomen  Vomiting blood  Seizure lasting more than 5 minutes  Sudden severe headache or slurred speech  Poisoned  Injuries to head, neck or back  Possible broken bones

14  When giving first aid you may be exposed to:  Blood  Saliva  Other body fluids  If available wear protective equipment:  Breathing mask  Sterile gloves

15  Ask Questions  What happened?  Do you feel pain or discomfort anywhere?  Do you have any allergies?  Do you have any medical conditions or are you taking any medication?

16  Checking From Head to Toe  Do Not move areas that have discomfort or you suspect head, neck, or back injury  Look for cuts, bruises, or bumps.  Watch for consciousness.  Look for changes in persons breathing

17  ABC’s  Airway  Check to see if person has an open airway and is breathing  Breathing  Listen and feel for movement and breathing for no more than 10 seconds  Circulation  Check for a pulse. If no pulse you will need to begin CPR.

18  Shock  Blood flow to body’s tissues and vital organs is not working properly  Caring for Shock  Call  Have the person lie down  Control external bleeding

19  After checking an ill or injured person  No movement or breathing  Step 1  Tilt head and lift chin, then pinch nose shut  Step 2  Take a breath and make a complete seal over the person’s mouth  Step 3  Blow into to make chest clearly rise. (Should last about 1 second)  What to do next  If breath goes it – begin CPR  If breaths do not go in – give care for unconscious choking.

20  CardioPulmonary Resuscitation  Technique used to save a victim who isn’t breathing and who doesn’t have a heartbeat.

21  After checking an ill or injured person  No signs of life  Step 1  Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths. 1 ½ - 2 inches downward.  Step 2  Continue CPR until  Scene becomes unsafe  You find a sign of life  AED is ready to use  You are too exhausted to continue  Another trained responder arrives and takes over

22  You should do 5 cycles in 2 minutes  30 chest compressions for every 2 rescue breaths.  What to do next  Use and AED as soon as one becomes available

23  1. Early recognition and early access  Sooner you call the quicker advanced help arrives.  2. Early CPR  Helps circulate blood that contains oxygen to vital organs.  3. Early defibrillation  Electronic shot  4. Early advanced medical care  EMTs and paramedics


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