2Review: Basic First Aid BleedingFor small scrapes wash the area with mild soap and water.Heavier bleeding wounds cover with sterile gauze and apply pressure.DO NOT TAKE gauze off of the wound. Just add more if needed.If bleeding does not stop seek medical help.
3Review: Basic First Aid BurnsFirst-degree burns: affects top layer of skin. Red and some pain. Run cold water over, do not put ice or ice water over burn.Second-degree burns: affect two layers of skin and cause blisters. Pour cool water over the area, or wet cold compress. Cover the burn with a sterile bandage. If larger than 2 inches go to emergency room.
4Review: Basic First Aid BurnsThird-degree burns: affect all layers of skin. Some muscle and even bone may be burned. Skin looks dark or dry white. Call for help right away. Cover burn with a clean, wet cloth. Do not remove clothing stud to the burn
5Review: PoisoningPoisons can enter your body through your stomach, lungs, and skin.Try to find out what poison was taken.Call your local poison control center.
6Review: fractures Broken or cracked bone. Try not to move the injured area.Call for help, or go to the emergency room.You can make a splint (a stiff object to keep area from moving) and wrap it with bandages.
7Review: DislocationsA bone has been forced out of its normal position in a joint.Do not try to put a dislocated bone back into place.Do your best to keep the joint from moving, and seek medical help.
9Check Is it safe? What happened? How many people are involved? Is there immediate danger involved?Is anyone else available to help?What is wrong?
10call Call 9-1-1 Police department Fire department Poison control Family doctorAlways call before you give care.
11CareDo no further harmMonitor the person’s breathing and consciousness.Help the person rest in the most comfortable position.Keep the person form getting chilled or overheated.Reassure the personGive any specific care needed.
12Good Samaritan lawTo help protect people who voluntarily give care without accepting anything in return.If they DO NOT give consentDo not give care but instead call or the local emergency number
13When to call 9-1-1 Person is or becomes unconscious Seizure lasting more than 5 minutesHas trouble breathingSudden severe headache or slurred speechChest discomfortBleeding severelyPoisonedSevere (critical burn)Injuries to head, neck or backPressure or pain in abdomenPossible broken bonesVomiting blood
14Protect yourself When giving first aid you may be exposed to: BloodSalivaOther body fluidsIf available wear protective equipment:Breathing maskSterile gloves
15Checking a conscious person Ask QuestionsWhat happened?Do you feel pain or discomfort anywhere?Do you have any allergies?Do you have any medical conditions or are you taking any medication?
16Checking a conscious person Checking From Head to ToeDo Not move areas that have discomfort or you suspect head, neck, or back injuryLook for cuts, bruises, or bumps.Watch for consciousness.Look for changes in persons breathing
17Checking a unconscious person ABC’sAirwayCheck to see if person has an open airway and is breathingBreathingListen and feel for movement and breathing for no more than 10 secondsCirculationCheck for a pulse. If no pulse you will need to begin CPR.
18Caring for shock Shock Caring for Shock Blood flow to body’s tissues and vital organs is not working properlyCaring for ShockCall 9-1-1Have the person lie downControl external bleeding
19How to give a rescue breath After checking an ill or injured personNo movement or breathingStep 1Tilt head and lift chin, then pinch nose shutStep 2Take a breath and make a complete seal over the person’s mouthStep 3Blow into to make chest clearly rise. (Should last about 1 second)What to do nextIf breath goes it – begin CPRIf breaths do not go in – give care for unconscious choking.
20cpr CardioPulmonary Resuscitation Technique used to save a victim who isn’t breathing and who doesn’t have a heartbeat.
21CPR - adult After checking an ill or injured person No signs of life Step 1Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths. 1 ½ - 2 inches downward.Step 2Continue CPR untilScene becomes unsafeYou find a sign of lifeAED is ready to useYou are too exhausted to continueAnother trained responder arrives and takes over
22Cpr - adult You should do 5 cycles in 2 minutes What to do next 30 chest compressions for every 2 rescue breaths.What to do nextUse and AED as soon as one becomes available
23Cardiac chain of survival 1. Early recognition and early accessSooner you call the quicker advanced help arrives.2. Early CPRHelps circulate blood that contains oxygen to vital organs.3. Early defibrillationElectronic shot4. Early advanced medical careEMTs and paramedics