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General Anatomy Medical Terminology. Somatotypes Ectomorph – Small Bone Lean Body Mesomorph – Muscular Physique Endomorph – Round soft body.

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Presentation on theme: "General Anatomy Medical Terminology. Somatotypes Ectomorph – Small Bone Lean Body Mesomorph – Muscular Physique Endomorph – Round soft body."— Presentation transcript:

1 General Anatomy Medical Terminology

2 Somatotypes Ectomorph – Small Bone Lean Body Mesomorph – Muscular Physique Endomorph – Round soft body

3 Anatomical Position Trunk erect Arms at side Palms forward Legs Straight

4 Planes of Motion

5 Sagittal Plane Divides the body into left and right Passes from front to back

6 Frontal Plane Divides the body into front and back Passes from side to side

7 Transverse Plane Divides body into top and bottom Passes perpendicular to the long axis of the body

8 Anatomical Direction

9 Superior Inferior Anterior Posterior Higher than another structure Lower than another Structure In front of another structure Behind another structure

10 Anatomical Direction Superior Inferior Posterior Anterior Higher than another structure Lower than another structure Behind another structure In front of another structure

11 Anatomical Direction Medial Lateral Proximal Distal Closer to the long axis of the body Farther from the long axis of the body Structure closer to the beginning of the extremity Structure farther from the beginning of the extremity

12 Anatomical Direction Lateral Medial Distal Proximal Farther from the long axis of the body Closer to the long axis of the body Structure farther from the beginning of the extremity Structure Closer to the beginning of the extremity

13 Anatomical Direction Superficial Deep Nearer to the surface Farther from the surface

14 Movement Flexion Extension Abduction Adduction Decrease in the angle of a joint Increase in the angle of a joint Movement away from the midline of the body Movement toward the midline of the body

15 Movement Flexion Extension Abduction Adduction Decrease in the angle of a joint Increase in the angle of a joint Movement away from the midline of the body Movement toward the midline of the body

16 Movement Dorsiflexion Plantar Flexion Inversion Eversion Flexion of the foot at the ankle Extension of the foot at the ankle Sole of the foot turned inward Sole of the foot turned outward

17 Movement Dorsiflexion Plantar Flexion Inversion Eversion Flexion of the foot at the ankle Extension of the foot at the ankle Sole of the foot turned inward Sole of the foot turned outward

18 Movement Supination Pronation Rotation Palms upward Palms downward Pivot motion about the long axis of the body

19 Movement Supination Pronation Rotation Circumduction Palms upward Palms downward Pivot motion about the long axis of the body Combination of Abduction,Adduction and Rotation


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