Presentation on theme: "Movements That Occur at Joints. Flexion- Bending part of a joint as that the angle between them decreases Extension- Straightening parts of a joint so."— Presentation transcript:
Movements That Occur at Joints
Flexion- Bending part of a joint as that the angle between them decreases Extension- Straightening parts of a joint so that the angle between them increases
Dorsiflexion- Bending the foot upward Plantar Flexion- Bending the foot downward
Hyperextension- excess extension of the parts at a joint, beyond the anatomical position. – Ex: Bending the head back beyond the upright position.
Abduction- Moving a part AWAY from the midline. Adduction- moving a part toward the midline.
Rotation- moving a part around an axis. Ex: twisting the head from side to side Circumduction- moving a part so that its end follows a circular path Ex: Moving the finger in a circular motion without moving the hand.
Pronation- turning the hand so that the palm is downward or facing posteriorly. Supination- Turning the hand so that the palm is upward or facing anteriorly.
Eversion- Turning the foot so that the sole faces laterally. Inversion- Turning the foot so that the sole faces medially.
Retraction- Moving a part backward Protraction- Moving a part forward.
Elevation- raising a part – Ex: shrugging the shoulders Depression- Lowering a part – Ex: Drooping the shoulders