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Anatomical Opposites 1. anterior vs. posterior 2. superior vs. inferior 3. medial vs. lateral 4. proximal vs. distal 5. palmar vs. plantar 6. abduction.

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomical Opposites 1. anterior vs. posterior 2. superior vs. inferior 3. medial vs. lateral 4. proximal vs. distal 5. palmar vs. plantar 6. abduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anatomical Opposites 1. anterior vs. posterior 2. superior vs. inferior 3. medial vs. lateral 4. proximal vs. distal 5. palmar vs. plantar 6. abduction vs. adduction 7. eversion vs. inversion 8. internal rotation vs. external rotation 9. flexion vs. extension 10. plantar flexion vs. dorsiflexion 11. radial deviation vs. ulnar deviation *The terms in italics have been on previous vocabulary lists… and should be in your notes!

2 Anatomical Opposites Foldable Create a foldable using a white sheet of paper. 1. Hold the paper the long way (portrait layout or “hot dog”) 2. Fold the ends until they meet in the middle, creating two long columns 3. Measure one inch sections and draw a line across both front flaps 4. Cut the sections to create 11 flaps 5. Write one anatomical term on one flap and the opposite term on the flap directly across 6. Draw a picture underneath the flap to represent the definition. SEE MS. BROWN FOR AN EXAMPLE

3 Anatomical Position Stand straight up with palms forward

4 Anterior or front - EX. Knees are located on the anterior surface of the body Posterior or back - EX. Scapula is located on the posterior surface of the body

5 Superior – upper or above another. - EX: The head is superior to the feet Inferior – lower or below another. - EX: The feet are inferior to the head.

6 Medial – toward the mid-line of the body Lateral – away from the mid- line of the body

7 Proximal – toward the point of attachment to the body Distal – Away from the point of attachment to the body

8 Palmar – palm of hand Plantar – bottom of foot

9 Abduction – To move away or deviate from the midline of the body Adduction – deviate toward or draw toward the midline of the body

10 Eversion – turning outward Inversion – turning inward

11 External rotation – rotary motion in the transverse plane away from the midline Internal Rotation – rotary motion in the transverse plane toward the midline internal rotationexternal rotation

12 Flexion – to bend; when a joint is flexed, the part distal to the joint bends Extension – To straighten; when the part distal to a joint extends and decreases joint angle

13 Plantar flexion – movement of ankle downward Dorsiflexion – movement of ankle upward

14 Radial Deviation – Wrist abduction Ulnar Deviation – Wrist adduction

15 A FEW ADDITIONAL MOVEMENTS

16 Retraction – to pull in a backward motion Protraction – to elevate and push towards the frontal plane protractionretraction

17 Rotation – movement around an axis

18 Lateral bending – movement from the midline in the frontal plane, occurs in the neck and back

19 Pronation –the palm is turned downward; laying on your stomach Supination – the palm is turned upward; laying on your back supination pronation


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