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 Abduction – movement away from the median plane around an anterior-posterior axis with the angle between the displaced parts becoming greater, as in.

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Presentation on theme: " Abduction – movement away from the median plane around an anterior-posterior axis with the angle between the displaced parts becoming greater, as in."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Abduction – movement away from the median plane around an anterior-posterior axis with the angle between the displaced parts becoming greater, as in lifting the arm sideward away from the body  Action – in physiology, the motions or functions of a part or organ of the body  Adduction – movement towards the median plane around an anterior-posterior axis with the angle between the displaced parts becoming lesser, as in bringing the arm sideward against the body

3  Anatomical Position – the neutral stance of the individual; standing, facing forward with arms at the sides and palms facing forward  Anterior or Ventral – the front of the body or body part  Circumduction – is movement around the horizontal and longitudinal axis of a joint during which the distal end of the bone circumscribes the base of an imaginary cone and proximal end forms the apex, as in swinging the arms in a circle

4  Depression (down) – just the opposite, as in lowering the shoulder  Distal – farthest from a point of reference (opposite of proximal)  Dorsiflexion – the act of drawing the toe or foot toward the dorsal aspect of the proximally conjoined body segment  Dorsal – upper surface (e.g. top of foot)  Dorsum – the back side of the hand

5  Elevation (up) – as in lifting the shoulder up  Eversion – turning the sole of the foot outward  Extension – is the reverse movement during which the angle between the anterior aspects of the displaced parts is increased as in moving the forearm away from the upper arm  External or peripheral – means near the surface

6  External rotation – turning outwardly or away from the midline of the body  Flexion – movement around a transverse axis in an anterior-posterior plane with the angle between the anterior aspects of the displaced parts becoming smaller as in bending the forearm toward the arm at the elbow joint  Hyper (prefix) – meaning too much  Hyperextension – in excess of normal extension

7  Hyperflexion – in excess of normal flexion  Inferior – toward the bottom of the body or body part  Insertion – muscle attachment to a bone that moves  Internal – refers to a deeper position  Internal rotation – the turning of a limb toward the midline of the body  Inversion – turning the sole of the foot inward

8  Lateral – away from the midline of the body  Major – means greater or larger  Medial – toward the midline of the body  Mid sagittal or median – divides the body into equal and symmetrical right and left halves  Minor – means lesser or smaller  Origin – the fixed end or attachment of muscle

9  Palmar – ventral aspect of the hand (palm of the hand)  Plantar – ventral aspect of the foot (sole of the foot)  Plantar flexion – the act of drawing the toe or foot toward the plantar aspect of the proximally conjoined body segment  Posterior or dorsal – the back of the body or body part

10  Pronation – is medial rotation of the forearm as in turning the palm of the hand downward  Prone – face down, horizontal position of the body  Protraction – (forward) as in bring the shoulder forward  Proximal – nearest to the point of attachment, origin or other point of reference

11  Range of motion (ROM) – the extent to which a body part can move through all of its planes of movement  Retraction (backward) – as in pulling the shoulder back and thus bringing the shoulder blades together  Superficial – toward the surface of the body  Superior – toward the top of the body or body part

12  Supination – is lateral rotation of the forearm, as in turning the palm of the hand up ward  Supine – lying on the back face upward, opposed to prone  Valgus – position of a body part that is bent outward  Varus – position of a body part that is bent inward

13  Ventral – bottom surface (opposite of dorsal)  Volar – ventral aspect of the hand


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