Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Introduction to Anatomy

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Anatomy"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Anatomy

2 Purpose of Anatomy Foundation of many healthcare professions
ATC must have excellent understanding of anatomy What structures have been injured What constitutes normal movement

3 Anatomical Position Improves communication between healthcare professionals  standard body alignment Erect stance, arms at side, palms facing forward

4 Planes of the Body Frontal plane: vertical plane, divides body into front & back halves Sagittal plane: vertical plane, divides body into left & right sides Transverse plane: horizontal plane, divides body into upper & lower parts

5 Common Medical Terms of Location
Anterior: towards the front Posterior: towards the back Medial: toward the midline Lateral: away from the midline Proximal: towards an attachment (shoulder or hip) Distal: away from an attachment Superior: above another point Inferior: below another point

6 Movements Flexion: bending of joint (↓ angle between 2 bones)
Extension: straightening of joint (↑ angle between 2 bones) Hyperextension: extending beyond normal range of motion

7 Movements—con’t Abduction: limb moves away from midline
Adduction: limb moves toward midline

8 Movements—con’t Rotation: bone moves on axis, toward or away from the body Circumduction: limb moves in circular path around axis Rotation Circumduction

9 Movements—con’t Supination: turning palm upward; raising medial margin of foot Pronation: turning palm downward; lowering medial margin of foot

10 Movements—con’t Plantarflexion: extends the foot, toes pointing down
Dorsiflexion: flexes the foot, toes pointing up

11 Movements—con’t Inversion: turns sole of the foot inward
Eversion: turns sole of the foot outward

12 Movements—con’t Protraction: body part glides forward (shoulder, jaw)
Retraction: body part glides backward Protraction Retraction

13 Movements—con’t Elevation: lifting body part upward (shoulders)
Depression: lowering body part downward Depression Elevation

14 Movements—con’t Opposition: movement of the thumb to touch each finger

15 Axis of Rotation ALL movements occur around an axis of rotation
Each plane has an axis that runs perpendicular to the plane

Download ppt "Introduction to Anatomy"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google