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Definite & Indefinite Articles. Definite Articles In English, the definite article is the word “the”. In Spanish, there are four words for “the”, depending.

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Presentation on theme: "Definite & Indefinite Articles. Definite Articles In English, the definite article is the word “the”. In Spanish, there are four words for “the”, depending."— Presentation transcript:

1 Definite & Indefinite Articles

2 Definite Articles In English, the definite article is the word “the”. In Spanish, there are four words for “the”, depending on the noun’s gender and number. In English, the definite article is the word “the”. In Spanish, there are four words for “the”, depending on the noun’s gender and number.

3 Definite Articles el (masculine, singular) el (masculine, singular) los (masculine, plural) los (masculine, plural) la (feminine, singular) la (feminine, singular) las (feminine, plural) las (feminine, plural)

4 Examples el libro (the book) el libro (the book) los cuadernos (the notebooks) los cuadernos (the notebooks) la pluma (the pen) la pluma (the pen) las calculadoras (the calculators) las calculadoras (the calculators)

5 Indefinite Articles In English, the indefinite articles are the words “a, an, some”. In English, the indefinite articles are the words “a, an, some”. There are four indefinite articles in Spanish, depending on the noun’s gender and number. There are four indefinite articles in Spanish, depending on the noun’s gender and number.

6 Indefinite Articles un (masculine, singular) un (masculine, singular) unos (masculine, plural) unos (masculine, plural) una (feminine, singular) una (feminine, singular) unas (feminine, plural) unas (feminine, plural)

7 Examples un libro (a book) un libro (a book) unos cuadernos (some notebooks) unos cuadernos (some notebooks) una pluma (a pen) una pluma (a pen) unas calculadoras (some calculators) unas calculadoras (some calculators)

8 Gender of Nouns All nouns in Spanish have gender, that is they are designated either masculine or feminine. The gender of a noun has nothing to do with what the noun is or who uses it. The only exception to this is words that represent a male (man, boy, father, etc.) are masculine and words that represent a female (girl, woman, mother, etc.) are feminine. All nouns in Spanish have gender, that is they are designated either masculine or feminine. The gender of a noun has nothing to do with what the noun is or who uses it. The only exception to this is words that represent a male (man, boy, father, etc.) are masculine and words that represent a female (girl, woman, mother, etc.) are feminine.

9 Gender of Nouns Usually, masculine nouns end with –o and feminine nouns end with –a. There are many exceptions to this rule, but for the majority of nouns this works. The only way to tell for sure if a noun is masculine or feminine is to look at the article that precedes it. If it has un, unos, el or los, it is masculine. If it has una, unas, la or las, it is feminine. Usually, masculine nouns end with –o and feminine nouns end with –a. There are many exceptions to this rule, but for the majority of nouns this works. The only way to tell for sure if a noun is masculine or feminine is to look at the article that precedes it. If it has un, unos, el or los, it is masculine. If it has una, unas, la or las, it is feminine.

10 Gender cont. It is extremely important that when you memorize your vocabulary that you memorize the nouns with their articles!! It is extremely important that when you memorize your vocabulary that you memorize the nouns with their articles!!

11 Number of Nouns To make a noun plural: To make a noun plural: If it ends in a vowel: add –s If it ends in a vowel: add –s If it ends in a consonant: add –es If it ends in a consonant: add –es

12 Examples un libro – dos libros un libro – dos libros una mochila – dos mochilas una mochila – dos mochilas un reloj – dos relojes un reloj – dos relojes un cartel – dos carteles un cartel – dos carteles


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