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Journal Page 286 (1-3) Page 289 (1-2). CHINESE REUNIFICATION UNDER THE TANG AND SONG DYNASTIES Stearns Chapter 12 POI: Chapter 12 Sec. 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Journal Page 286 (1-3) Page 289 (1-2). CHINESE REUNIFICATION UNDER THE TANG AND SONG DYNASTIES Stearns Chapter 12 POI: Chapter 12 Sec. 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Journal Page 286 (1-3) Page 289 (1-2)

2 CHINESE REUNIFICATION UNDER THE TANG AND SONG DYNASTIES Stearns Chapter 12 POI: Chapter 12 Sec. 1

3 Era of Division No innovations from fall of Han (220) to the Sui (589) Buddhism Confucian Gentry declined Landed aristocracy grew in power Political divisions opened China to nomadic invaders

4 SUI ( ) Wendi: –Used pol. marriage of daughter to seize control of Northern Zhou and took over Chen. –Reduced taxes, created granaries, created political alliances with nomadic generals –Began construction of the Grand Canal linking north and south Yangdi: –Murdered Dad (Wendi) and drove northern invaders back –Promoted scholar gentry with exam system and bur. –Extravagant building (Grand Canal) –Alienated aristocracy and nomadic generals –Failed military campaigns in Korea and with Turkic nomads led to widespread revolt and his assassination

5 TANG ( ) Li Yuan: –Seized power with Tang Taizong. –Extended lands (Korea, Tibet, Vietnam, South China) –Used nomadic generals as vassals Bureaucracy Rebuilt: –Continued promotion of educated gentry for upper level positions. –Ministry of Rites: standardized exams became the key to major social and political positions (jenshi) –Family and social status still played a role however

6 TANG ( ) Impressive Transportation and Communications using roads, horses and even human runners Equal-field system: To avoid growing aristocratic land-holdings (worked for first century but declined due expanding population and corruption Buddhism promoted and attacked

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9 Song Prosperity Grand Canal: Connected the north/south agriculture (population shifts as does economic power north/south) Commercial Expansion: Silk Road improved, junks, flying money, banks, fiscal anchor of the Asian world Cities: Hangzhou (2 million) more cities with >100,000 than any pre-industrial states Agriculture: Improved irrigation, fertilization, wheelbarrow, weeding. Aristocratic land was broken up. Technology: –Irrigation, Canals, Paper, Bridges, Gunpowder, Kites, Compass, Movable Type (Bi Seng), Porcelain (China), Art: –Li Bo: Tang poet, Conf. gentry expected to write and create art. –Song: Known for landscape paintings

10 Song Prosperity Family: Extended family is preferred but expensive –Marriages were arranged –Women’s roles were important in late Tang and early Song (Wu, Wei, mutual consent divorce, complementary husbands) –Neoconfucianism: Led to male dominance and the diminishing of female opportunities Concubines and foot binding

11 Chinese Influence Korea Vietnam Japan


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