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Golden Ages of China Reunification and Renaissance 220 CE.—Han dynasty ends 220-589—Era of Division 589-618—Sui dynasty 618-907—Tang dynasty 960-1279—Song.

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Presentation on theme: "Golden Ages of China Reunification and Renaissance 220 CE.—Han dynasty ends 220-589—Era of Division 589-618—Sui dynasty 618-907—Tang dynasty 960-1279—Song."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Golden Ages of China

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4 Reunification and Renaissance 220 CE.—Han dynasty ends —Era of Division —Sui dynasty —Tang dynasty —Song dynasty —Mongol (Yuan) dynasty

5  6 th century—Sui dynasty comes to power under the rule of Wendi  Rules with “Legalism” brutal rule.  Reunites China after the fall of the Han Dynasty  Wins widespread support by  Lowering taxes  Establishing granaries (wards off famine)

6 One of the world's largest waterworks before modern times Purpose: bring abundant food supplies of the south to the north Linked the Yangtze and the Huang-Hi The canal integrated the economies of the south and north

7  Yangdi expands on his father’s foundations  Adopts Confuciusism rather then legalism  Milder legal code  Restoration of exam system  Promotion of scholar-gentry  Social order based on strict diarchy

8  Excess, waste and wars lead to collapse  Grand Canal “Tour” Leads to Peasant Revolt  Yangdi assassinated in 618 by his own ministers

9  During the Tang ( ) and Song ( ) dynasties, China becomes the richest, powerful, and most advanced country in the world.

10  Key Point:  Tang and Song China experienced an era of prosperity and technological innovation.  Significance:  Chinese inventions from this period, such as printing, gunpowder, and the compass, changed history.

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13  The Tang Dynasty World View: / The Song Dynasty World View: / looks east towards the sea / west along the Silk Road / Silk Road – trading network with the west. / west along the Silk Road / Silk Road – trading network with the west.

14  Silk Road  west; Tang Dynasty

15  Silk Road  west; Tang Dynasty  Junks: ocean ships  east, Song Dynasty  Korea  Japan  India  Persian Gulf  east Africa

16  imported fast-ripening rice from Vietnam

17  allowed two crops each season instead of one

18  imported fast-ripening rice from Vietnam  allowed two crops each season instead of one  fueled population increase

19  mathematics flourished

20  adopted the use of algebra and the concept of zero

21  mathematics flourished  adopted the use of algebra and the concept of zero  invented movable type

22  mathematics flourished  adopted the use of algebra and the concept of zero  invented movable type  developed gunpowder

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24  wealth, education, and urban culture = artistic achievement

25  great poetry  Li Bo and Du Fu

26  wealth, education, and urban culture = artistic achievement  great poetry  Li Bo and Du Fu  Three-color ware was one of the greatest contributions of the Tang Dynasty

27  wealth, education, and urban culture = artistic achievement  great poetry  Li Bo and Du Fu  Three-color ware was one of the greatest contributions of the Tang Dynasty.  Many figurines, predominantly horses and camels, were produced.

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29  Most of these pieces have been found in the more affluent tombs of the Tang period

30 Tang OnlySong Only Both Expanded the empire, had a female ruler, adopted Buddhism Prospered through trade, improved agriculture, created great art and literature Ruled smaller empire, developed into great sea power, created paper money and movable type


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