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Middle Imperial Era China. China and Japan Quiz: Friday, December 6 China, Chapter 12 p. 263-276 Japan, Chapter 13, 278-290 Chapter 13 hint: P 286-287.

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Presentation on theme: "Middle Imperial Era China. China and Japan Quiz: Friday, December 6 China, Chapter 12 p. 263-276 Japan, Chapter 13, 278-290 Chapter 13 hint: P 286-287."— Presentation transcript:

1 Middle Imperial Era China

2 China and Japan Quiz: Friday, December 6 China, Chapter 12 p Japan, Chapter 13, Chapter 13 hint: P Due: Four pages of notes total Two pages for each Chapter

3 China: Reunification & Renaissance Recall Political Developments: Sui Dynasty ( )Sui Dynasty ( ) –Reunification Grand Canal –Completion of Grand Canal connecting northern & southern China Tang Dynasty ( )Tang Dynasty ( ) – expansion

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5 China during the Tang & Song Dynasties

6 Song Dynasty ( ) Confucian Civil Service System Reintroduced during Sui Dynasty; expanded in Tang & Song era, especially Exams based on Confucian classics

7 Economic Revolution Population doubled during Song era Agricultural prosperity –New variety of rice –New cash crops – e.g. tea, sugar –Dikes, reservoirs, & dams –Water pumps –P. 269

8 Terraced rice paddies in southern China

9 Economic Revolution Cont. Commercial growthCommercial growth Manufacturing expands during this period Manufacturing expands during this period paper $ –Internal trade, facilitated by canals & paper $ magnetic compassjunks –Overseas maritime trade facilitated by magnetic compass & junks Growth in industryGrowth in industry –Esp. silk fabric, porcelain & paper –Water powered mills & bellows –Iron & steel

10 Chinese Junks

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13 Urbanization (growth of cities)Urbanization (growth of cities) –E.g. Kaifeng & Hangzhou (p. 268)

14 Other Technological Achievements Gunpowder Mechanical clock Moveable type (printing) “Thunderbolt ball”

15 Social Developments Growth of scholar-eliteGrowth of scholar-elite Declining status of womenDeclining status of women –Increasing legal restrictions –Demand in cities for domestic servants & concubines –Foot binding

16 Ideal woman’s foot = 3” long!

17 FOOT BINDING

18 Lotus Shoes The role of Women further diminishes during and after the Song Dynasty

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20 FOOT BINDING Q & A! When did foot binding begin? –Tang Dynasty ( ) among upper class Why? –It’s beautiful. Right? Another q: Would men find the deformed feet attractive? Was it always the same? –No—It got much more debilitating (and widespread) during the later Qing Dynasty. (When was the Qing Dynasty?) Last one – The ideal foot: approx. 3 inches long!

21 Cultural Developments Women poets as exception Refined pastimes of the elite Landscape painting

22 P

23 Vocab words for Chapter 12 and 13. Chapter 12 Terms for China Tang and Song Dynasties ZenJunksNeo ConfuciansScholar Gentry classZhu Xi Empress WuFoot bindingGrand CanalPure land BuddhismSouthern Song Empress WeiWendiSinificationSubprefectureJurchens Chapter 13 terms :Japan, Korean, and Vietnam KamiKoryo dynastyTrung SistersTale of GenjiFujiwara Son of HeavenShintoismSanuraiTaika ReformsBushi DaimyoTaika ReformsSilla


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