Presentation on theme: "Middle Imperial Era China. China and Japan Quiz: Friday, December 6 China, Chapter 12 p. 263-276 Japan, Chapter 13, 278-290 Chapter 13 hint: P 286-287."— Presentation transcript:
Economic Revolution Cont. Commercial growthCommercial growth Manufacturing expands during this period 1000- 1450Manufacturing expands during this period 1000- 1450 paper $ –Internal trade, facilitated by canals & paper $ magnetic compassjunks –Overseas maritime trade facilitated by magnetic compass & junks Growth in industryGrowth in industry –Esp. silk fabric, porcelain & paper –Water powered mills & bellows –Iron & steel
Urbanization (growth of cities)Urbanization (growth of cities) –E.g. Kaifeng & Hangzhou (p. 268)
Other Technological Achievements Gunpowder Mechanical clock Moveable type (printing) “Thunderbolt ball”
Social Developments Growth of scholar-eliteGrowth of scholar-elite Declining status of womenDeclining status of women –Increasing legal restrictions –Demand in cities for domestic servants & concubines –Foot binding
FOOT BINDING Q & A! When did foot binding begin? –Tang Dynasty (618-907) among upper class Why? –It’s beautiful. Right? Another q: Would men find the deformed feet attractive? Was it always the same? –No—It got much more debilitating (and widespread) during the later Qing Dynasty. (When was the Qing Dynasty?) Last one – 1636-1911 The ideal foot: approx. 3 inches long!
Cultural Developments Women poets as exception Refined pastimes of the elite Landscape painting
Vocab words for Chapter 12 and 13. Chapter 12 Terms for China Tang and Song Dynasties ZenJunksNeo ConfuciansScholar Gentry classZhu Xi Empress WuFoot bindingGrand CanalPure land BuddhismSouthern Song Empress WeiWendiSinificationSubprefectureJurchens Chapter 13 terms :Japan, Korean, and Vietnam KamiKoryo dynastyTrung SistersTale of GenjiFujiwara Son of HeavenShintoismSanuraiTaika ReformsBushi DaimyoTaika ReformsSilla