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Which region matches which coloured bar? The regions are: North America, Africa, Oceania, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe?

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Presentation on theme: "Which region matches which coloured bar? The regions are: North America, Africa, Oceania, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Which region matches which coloured bar? The regions are: North America, Africa, Oceania, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe?

2 A B C D E LEDC Land Use Model

3 MEDC Land Use Model – Concentric Ring Model A B C D E

4 Movement of People in Urban Environments Rural-urban migration Gentrification Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Suburbanization Urban Sprawl Counter-urbanization

5 China – Rural to Urban Migration China’s Population Census figures show the number of migrants living outside their home counties for more than six months grew from 20 million in 1990 to 79 million by When temporary migrants are included (those residing away from home for one month or more), the migrant population in 2010 reached 160 million. Rural to Urban Migration in China: How Do Migrant- Sending Communities Benefit? China - Dramatic City Growth

6 Movement of People in Urban Environments Rural-urban migration Gentrification Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Suburbanization Urban Sprawl Counter-urbanization

7 Gentrification – Inward Movement Gentrification is a general term for the arrival of wealthier people in an existing urban district, a related increase in rents and property values, and changes in the district's character and culture. Gentrification in Istanbul (Tophane)

8 Movement of People in Urban Environments Rural-urban migration Gentrification Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Suburbanization Urban Sprawl Counter-urbanization

9 Regeneration of the London Docklands The development of activities to increase residential population densities within the existing built-up area of a city. This may include the redevelopment of vacant land, the refurbishment of housing, the development of new business enterprises, new public transportation, new community recreation facilities. Urban Renewal (Re-urbanization) – Inward Movement

10 What was the area like before redevelopment ?

11 What is the area like now?

12 Movement of People in Urban Environments Rural-urban migration Gentrification Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Suburbanization Urban Sprawl Counter-urbanization

13 Suburbanization – Outward Movement The outward growth of towns and cities to engulf surrounding villages and rural areas. This may result from the out-migration of population from the inner urban areas to the suburbs.

14 Movement of People in Urban Environments Rural-urban migration Gentrification Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Suburbanization Urban Sprawl Counter-urbanization

15 Urban Sprawl – Outward Movement The unplanned and uncontrolled physical expansion of an urban area into the surrounding countryside. It is closely linked to the process of suburbanization.

16 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Sprawl takes place up the sides of the surrounding mountains as favela communities (shanty towns) grow.

17 Movement of People in Urban Environments Rural-urban migration Gentrification Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Urban Renewal / Re-urbanization Suburbanization Urban Sprawl Counter-urbanization

18 Counter-urbanization - Outward Movement The migration of people from an urban area into the surrounding rural area (mostly in MEDCs). It might mean daily commuting, but could also require lifestyle changes and the increased use of Information Communications Technology (ICT).

19 Suburbanization Processes Re-urbanization Processes Inner city decline Inner city decline Dereliction Dereliction Poor environments – pollution, crime, noise Poor environments – pollution, crime, noise Regeneration, Gentrification Disillusionment with commute Disillusionment with commute Walking distance to work, entertainment, Walking distance to work, entertainment, education, health care education, health care Refurbished neighbourhoods, Refurbished neighbourhoods, renovated housing, new condos, parks


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