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The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography

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Presentation on theme: "The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography
Chapter 3: Migration The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography

2 Migration A type of mobility Emigration Immigration Circulation
Migration: permanent move to a new location Migration = relocation diffusion Emigration Immigration Circulation

3 Why Do People Migrate? Reasons for migration Push and pull factors
Economic factors Cultural factors Forced migration Political factors Environmental factors Intervening obstacles Historically: environmental Technology: limited obstacles

4 Why Do People Migrate? Distance of migration Internal migration
2 types: Interregional migration = one region to another Intraregional migration = within a region Figure 3-5

5 Why Do People Migrate? Distance of migration International migration
2 types: Voluntary Forced Migration transition International migration is most common in countries in stage 2 of the demographic transition

6 Why Do People Migrate? Characteristics of migrants
Most long-distance migrants are Male Adults Individuals Families with children are less common

7 Where Are Migrants Distributed?
Global migration patterns Net out-migration: Asia, Africa, Latin America Net in-migration: North America, Europe, Oceania Figure 3-7

8 Why Do Migrants Face Obstacles?
Immigration policies of host countries U.S. quota laws Temporary migration for work Cultural problems faced while living in host countries U.S. attitudes towards immigrants Attitudes toward guest workers

9 Why Do People Migrate Within a Country?
Migration between regions of a country U.S. settlement patterns Colonial settlement Settlement in the interior California Great Plains settlement Recent growth of the South Figure 3-17

10 Why Do People Migrate Within a Country?
Intraregional migration in the U.S. Rural to urban areas Economic migration Urban to suburban areas Lifestyle Urban to rural areas Counterurbanization Figure 3-21

11 The End.


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