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Ch. 7 Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Ulna Radius Carpals.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 7 Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Ulna Radius Carpals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 7 Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy

2 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Coxa Femur Patella Axial Skeleton Skull Mandible Ribs Sacrum Coccyx Appendicular Skeleton Clavicle Scapula Humerus Axial Skeleton Skull Mandible Sternum Ribs Sacrum Tibia Fibula Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges Anterior viewPosterior view Vertebral column Vertebral column

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4 Superior view Frontal bone Parietal bone Inferior temporal line Superior temporal line Parietal eminence Occipital bone Coronal suture Sagittal suture Lambdoid suture Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

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6 Parietal bone Occipital bone Temporal bone Mastoid process Zygomatic arch Lambdoid suture Occipital condyle Sagittal suture Posterior view External occipital protuberance Superior nuchal line Inferior nuchal line

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8 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Superior temporal line Coronal suture Inferior temporal line Parietal bone Temporal bone Occipital bone Squamous suture Lambdoid suture Mandibular condyle External acoustic meatus Styloid process Mastoid process Zygomatic process of temporal bone Temporal process of zygomatic bone Zygomatic arch Angle of mandible Lateral view Body of mandible Frontal bone Supraorbital foramen Supraorbital margin Sphenoid bone (greater wing) Nasal bone Lacrimal bone Zygomatic bone Maxilla Mandible Nasolacrimal canal Infraorbital foramen Mandibular ramus Mental foramen Genu Coronoid process of mandible

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10 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Frontal bone Parietal bone Supraorbital foramen Orbital plate of frontal bone Superior orbital fissure Lacrimal bone Infraorbital foramen Inferior nasal concha Middle nasal concha Anterior nasal spine Oblique line of mandible Mental foramen Mandibular symphysis Sphenoid bone (greater wing) Coronal suture Glabella Supraorbital margin Temporal bone Nasal bone Infraorbital margin Zygomatic bone Vomer Nasal cavity Maxilla Alveolar processes Body of mandible Genu Anterior view Optic canal Perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone Nasal septum

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12 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Lesser wing of sphenoid bone Superior orbital fissure Palatine bone Inferior orbital fissure Infraorbital groove Infraorbital foramen Maxilla Lacrimal bone Ethmoid bone Optic canal Frontal bone Supraorbital foramen Anterior view Posterior and anterior ethmoid foramina Opening to nasolacrimal canal Zygomatic bone Greater wing of sphenoid bone

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14 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Anterior palatine foramen Zygomatic bone Posterior palatine foramen Inferior orbital fissure Lateral pterygoid plate Medial pterygoid plate Greater wing Foramen ovale Foramen spinosum External acoustic meatus Jugular foramen Occipital condyle Foramen magnum External occipital protuberance Sphenoid bone Inferior view Incisive fossa Maxilla Palatine process of maxillary bone Horizontal plate of palatine bone Vomer Pterygoid hamulus Zygomatic arch Foramen lacerum Styloid process Mandibular fossa Carotid canal Stylomastoid foramen Mastoid process Temporal bone Occipital bone Inferior nuchal line Superior nuchal line Hard palate Zygomatic process of temporal bone Temporal process of zygomatic bone

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16 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Seventh cervical vertebra First thoracic vertebra Intervertebral disk Twelfth thoracic vertebra Intervertebral foramina First lumbar vertebra Transverse process Spinous process Fifth lumbar vertebra Sacrum Coccyx Sacral promontory Lateral view Second cervical vertebra (axis) First cervical vertebra (atlas) Sacral and coccygeal regions (curved posteriorly) Lumbar region (curved anteriorly) Thoracic region (curved posteriorly) Cervical region (curved anteriorly) Body

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18 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Transverse process Transverse foramen (a) Atlas, superior view Posterior arch Vertebral foramen Superior articular facet (articulates with occipital condyle) Facet for dens Anterior arch Dens Body Superior articular facet Vertebral foramen Posterior arch Spinous process (bifid) Transverse process Transverse foramen (b) Axis, superior view Transverse process Transverse foramen (e) Posterolateral view Body Dens C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7

19 Cervical Vertebrae

20 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Body Lamina Transverse process Superior articular process Pedicle Spinous process Vertebral foramen Articular facet for tubercle of rib Superior articular facet Superior articular facet for rib head (a) Superior view Superior intervertebral notch Superior articular facet for rib head Body Inferior articular facet for rib head Inferior intervertebral notch (b) Lateral view Spinous process Inferior articular process Lamina Articular facet for tubercle of rib Transverse process Pedicle Superior articular facet Superior articular process Posterior Anterior

21 Thoracic Vertebrae

22 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Lamina Transverse process Pedicle Body Spinous process Superior articular facet Vertebral foramen (a) Superior view Vertebral body Pedicle Inferior articular process (b) Lateral view Inferior articular facet Spinous process Transverse process Superior articular process

23 Lumbar Vertebrae

24 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Clavicle Jugular notch Seventh cervical vertebra First thoracic vertebra True ribs Manubrium Body Xiphoid process Sternum Floating ribs L1 T12 (a) Anterior view Sternal angle Costal cartilage False ribs (8–12)

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26 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Anterior view Phalanges Metacarpals Clavicle Scapula Humerus Radius Ulna Carpals

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28 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Coxa Femur Patella Tibia Fibula Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges Anterior view

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30 (a) Lateral view (c) Medial view (b) Lateral view Cartilage in young pelvis Pubis Obturator foramen Ilium Acetabulum Ischium Posterior superior iliac spine Posterior inferior iliac spine Greater sciatic notch Ischial spine Lesser sciatic notch Ischial tuberosity Tubercle of iliac crest Auricular surface (area of articulation with sacrum) Posterior superior iliac spine Posterior inferior iliac spine Greater sciatic notch Ischium Ischial spine Lesser sciatic notch Pubis Ischial ramus Iliac crest Ischial ramus Obturator foramen Symphysis Pubis Inferior pubic ramus Acetabulum Acetabular notch Lunate surface Anterior superior iliac spine Ilium Iliopectineal line Superior pubic ramus Pubic crest Iliac fossa Pubic tubercle Anterior inferior iliac spine Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

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32 Pelvic inlet (red dashed line) Sacral promontory Pelvic brim Symphysis pubis Male Subpubic angle (a) Anterosuperior view Female Pelvic outlet (blue dashed line) Ischial spine Symphysis pubis Coccyx (b) Anterosuperior view Pelvic brim Sacral promontory Pelvic inlet Coccyx Pelvic outlet (c) Medial view

33 Which is male, which is female?

34 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Metatarsals Proximal phalanx Middle phalanx Distal phalanx Tarsals Cuboid Lateral cuneiform Calcaneus Talus Navicular Intermediate cuneiform Medial cuneiform Digits Proximal phalanx of great toe Distal phalanx of great toe (a) Superior view Intermediate cuneiform Medial cuneiform Navicular Talus Cuboid Fibula Talus Calcaneus Tarsals Tibia MetatarsalsPhalanges (b) Medial view

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