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Anatomy skeleton diagrams. © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.1 Spongy bone Compact bone.

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomy skeleton diagrams. © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.1 Spongy bone Compact bone."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anatomy skeleton diagrams

2 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.1 Spongy bone Compact bone

3 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.2

4 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.2a

5 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.2d

6 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.2c

7 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.2b

8 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.3a Distal epiphysis Diaphysis Proximal epiphysis Articular cartilage Spongy bone Epiphyseal line Periosteum Compact bone Medullary cavity (lined by endosteum) (a)

9 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.3c Yellow bone marrow Compact bone Perforating (Sharpey’s) fibers Nutrient arteries Periosteum Endosteum (c)

10 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.3a Distal epiphysis Diaphysis Proximal epiphysis Articular cartilage Spongy bone Epiphyseal line Periosteum Compact bone Medullary cavity (lined by endosteum) (a)

11 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.4a Compact bone Periosteal blood vessel Periosteum Perforating fibers Central (Haversian) canal Perforating (Volkmann’s) canal Blood vessel Spongy bone Blood vessel continues into medullary cavity containing marrow Lamellae (a) Osteon (Haversian system)

12 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.4b Lamella Canaliculus Lacuna Central (Haversian) canal (b) Osteocyte

13 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.4b Lamella Canaliculus Lacuna Central (Haversian) canal (b) Osteocyte

14 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.5 In a fetus In an embryo Bone collar Hyaline cartilage model Bone starting to replace cartilage In a child Medullary cavity New center of bone growth Hyaline cartilage Epiphyseal plate cartilage Growth in bone length New bone forming Invading blood vessels Epiphyseal plate cartilage Articular cartilage Spongy bone New bone forming Growth in bone width

15 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.6 Bone growth Bone grows in length because: Bone remodeling Growing shaft is remodeled as: Cartilage grows here. Cartilage is replaced by bone here. Cartilage grows here. Cartilage is replaced by bone here Bone is resorbed here. Epiphyseal plate Articular cartilage Bone is resorbed here. Bone is added by appositional growth here.

16 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.7 Internal callus (fibrous tissue and cartilage) Hematoma forms. Fibrocartilage callus forms. Bony callus forms. Bone remodeling occurs Hematoma Bony callus of spongy bone Spongy bone trabecula New blood vessels External callus Healed fracture

17 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.8a (a) Anterior view Phalanges Metatarsals Tarsals Fibula Tibia Patella Femur Metacarpals Phalanges Carpals Ulna Radius Vertebra Humerus Rib Sternum Scapula Clavicle Facial bones Cranium Skull Thoracic cage (ribs and sternum) Vertebral column Sacrum

18 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.8b (b) Posterior view Fibula Tibia Femur Metacarpals Phalanges Carpals Radius Ulna Vertebra Humerus Rib Scapula Clavicle Cranium Bones of pectoral girdle Upper limb Bones of pelvic girdle Lower limb

19 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.9 Coronal suture Parietal bone Lambdoid suture Temporal bone Squamous suture Occipital bone Zygomatic process External acoustic meatus Mastoid process Styloid process Mandibular ramus Frontal bone Sphenoid bone Ethmoid bone Lacrimal bone Nasal bone Zygomatic bone Maxilla Alveolar processes Mandible (body) Mental foramen

20 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.12 Coronal suture Parietal bone Nasal bone Sphenoid bone Ethmoid bone Lacrimal bone Zygomatic bone Maxilla Mandible Alveolar processes Vomer Inferior nasal concha Middle nasal concha of ethmoid bone Temporal bone Optic canal Superior orbital fissure Frontal bone

21 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.14 Greater horn Lesser horn Body

22 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.15a Frontal bone Parietal bone (a) Occipital bone Anterior fontanel Posterior fontanel

23 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.15b Anterior fontanel Frontal bone Sphenoidal fontanel Parietal bone Posterior fontanel Occipital bone Mastoid fontanel Temporal bone (b)

24 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.16 Anterior Posterior 1st cervical vertebra (atlas) 2nd cervical vertebra (axis) Cervical curvature (concave) 7 vertebrae, C 1 – C 7 1st thoracic vertebra Transverse process Spinous process Intervertebral disc Intervertebral foramen Thoracic curvature (convex) 12 vertebrae, T 1 – T 12 1st lumbar vertebra Lumbar curvature (concave) 5 vertebrae, L 1 – L 5 Sacral curvature (convex) 5 fused vertebrae Coccyx 4 fused vertebrae

25 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.18

26 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.19 Posterior Lamina Transverse process Superior articular process and facet Spinous process Vertebral arch Pedicle Vertebral foramen Body Anterior

27 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.22a T 1 vertebra Jugular notch Manubrium Sternal angle Body Xiphisternal joint Xiphoid process Sternum Intercostal spaces Costal cartilage Floating ribs (11, 12) False ribs (8 –12) True ribs (1 – 7) L 1 Vertebra (a) Clavicular notch

28 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 5.23a Acromio- clavicular joint Scapula (a) Articulated right shoulder (pectoral) girdle showing the relationship to bones of the thorax and sternum Clavicle


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