2 Chapter 25 Key Points Throwing and Catching The skills of throwing and catching go hand in handTeachers must initially focus on throwing and catching as separate skillsLater the skills are combined into more game-like situations
3 Chapter 25 Key Points Throwing A basic movement performed to propel an object away from the bodyBasic pattern consists of:1) grasping the object with one or both hands2) the preparatory phase3) the propulsive phase4) the follow-through phaseA wide range of throwing abilities are found within an elementary classObserve and assess each child’s skill levelDesign instructional tasks accordingly
4 Chapter 25 Key Points Catching Is receiving and controlling of an object by the body or its partsInitial catching reaction in young child is to:Fend object offUse body (i.e. the chest) to help trap the ball as arms surround itWide range of catching abilities in the elementary classUsing soft textured objects during catching tasks, assess students’ developmental characteristicsThen plan appropriate instructional tasks accordingly
5 Chapter 25 Key Points Teaching Throwing and Catching Precontrol Level TasksChildren at precontrol of catching are usually also at precontrol of throwingProvide multitude of experiences in both skills.Teach throwing first (in static)For catching, focus on child catching throws made directly to him/her.
6 Chapter 25 Key Points Teaching Throwing and Catching (cont) Control Level TasksProvide throwing experiences in relatively static contexts e.g.Different speedsDifferent distancesOver/underAt various targetsProvide catching experiencesUsing both hands on either side of bodyAt different levels
7 Chapter 25 Key Points Teaching Throwing and Catching (cont) Utilization Level TasksSince throwing can be done smoothly in various static situations, introduce tasks in dynamic e.g.Throw whilst travelingThrow accurately at moving targetsJump to throwSince catching can be done consistently in static, introduce unpredictable, dynamic tasks, e.g.Catch whilst moving in relationship to various objects and/or people.
8 Chapter 25 Key Points Teaching Throwing and Catching (cont) Proficiency Level TasksAt this level children can throw and catch in complex game like experiences entailing:Unpredictable and dynamic contextsDifferent relationships to an opponentRapid changes in speed, directions and levels
9 Chapter 25 Key Points Teaching Throwing and Catching (cont) Activities found in textIdentifies TasksIdentifies ChallengesAssessment ideas found throughout chapter
10 Progression Spiral for Developing the Skill Theme of Throwing and Catching • PROFICIENCY LEVELPlaying passballPlaying team handball (modified)Playing four‑person footballPlaying Frisbee footballPlaying half‑court basketball (modified)Playing Hit the PinPlaying Keep AwayThrowing to avoid a defenderRunning the basesPlaying Frisbee Stretch• UTILIZATION LEVELThrowing while in the airCatching to throw quickly to a targetCatching to throw quickly to a partnerPlaying Frisbee GolfTarget backawayThrowing for distance and accuracyThrowing to a moving targetThrowing to make a partner move to catchThrowing on the moveThrowing and catching while travelingMoving to catch• CONTROL LEVELBench Bounce CatchThrowing and catching over a net with a partnerThrowing and catching with a partnerThrowing for distanceThrowing a ball against a wall and catching the reboundCatching with a scoopThrowing a FrisbeeThrowing backhand to a targetThrowing to high targetsThrowing underhand to hoopsBowling for targetsHit the CanThrowing overhand at a stationary targetCatching in different places around the bodyThrowing an object to different levels and catching itBouncing a ball to self and catching itOvers, Unders, and SidesThrowing sidearmThrowing underhandThrowing overhand• PRECONTROL LEVELTossing to self and catchingDrop‑CatchCatching from a skilled throwerCatching a rolling ballThrowing at a large targetThrowing a yarn ball against the wall