2 Learning Outcomes Today we will learn: What is a skill What is a techniqueHow to describe the difference between a simple and a complex skillHow simple and complex skills can aid performanceThe stages of learning skills
3 Skills & Techniques Passing Shooting A skill is a movement With a purposeDribblingCatchingSkills & TechniquesA technique is a wayOf performing a skillChest passLayupSkill: ShootingSkill: PassingBounce passJump shot
4 Show me…… An activity A skill from that activity 2 techniques for performing that skill
5 Simple skills Simple skills can be defined as: Having fewer sub routines (parts of the skill)Not physically demandingLittle co-ordination neededSimple order of movements
6 Simple Skills HIGH SERVE CHEST PASS PUSH PASS SET SHOT SIMPLE SKILLS HEADINGHEAD-STAND
7 Complex Skills e.g. Lay-up in Basketball Physically Demanding Many Sub-routinesPhysicallyDemandingCo-ordination isvitalMany judgementsto be madeMany movements atthe same timee.g.Lay-up inBasketball
8 Complex Skills High jump Butterfly stroke Basketball lay-up Volley Goal Keeper save
9 Show me…… 3 simple skills – 2 reasons why they are simple 3 complex skills – 2 reasons why they are complex
10 Simple Skills, how can they help your performance?? Example:Activity: BadmintonSimple skill: Short ServeI was able to serve the shuttle just over the net so that my opponent had to lift the shuttle up and I was able to smash easily to win the point.
11 Complex Skills, how can they help performance? Example:Activity: VolleyballSkill: SpikeHow did this help performance?When my team mate set the ball up for me I was able to time my run up and spike the ball powerfully into my opponents court, making it very difficult for them to return.
12 To develop complex skills, we must make practices progressively harder.... Example: Overhead ClearInitial practice: I stood at the back of the court whilst my partner hand fed 20 high feeds above my head for me to step in and clear.More demanding practice: I started at base and my partner high served (20 feeds) to the back of the court. I had to side step quickly to perform the clear and return to base after every shot.
13 Stages of Learning Cognitive stage – beginner Practice Stage – IntermediateAutomatic stage – Expert!
14 Automatic PerformersWhen a skill can be performed with little or no conscious thought and at a high level of speed, control and accuracy it is said to be automatic to the performer.A performer may use a pressure practice at the automatic stage of learning who can cope with the game like pressure and demands of the situation.
15 Advantages of being able to perform automatically You can perform skills effectively/successfully without having to think about itYou can perform skills accurately without hesitationYou can think about other things as you perform the skillSkill level remains high/consistent under pressureCan respond quickly/appropriately to position of goals/opponents/team mates/ballYou can identify and correct my own errors